Black Death
The Medieval black plague that ravaged Europe and killed a third of its population. It was due to the plague which is caused by a bacterium (Yersinia pestis) transmitted to humans from infected rats by the oriental rat flea. In 14th-century Europe, the victims of the Black Death had bleeding below the skin (subcutaneous hemorrhage) which darkened ("blackened") their bodies. The Black Death was characterized by gangrene of the fingers, toes, and nose. Although some scientists have speculated that the Black Death was caused by other agents (including anthrax, typhus, and Ebola virus), DNA tests on 600-year-old teeth from victims of the Black Death have confirmed that Yersinia pestis was indeed the cause of the Black Death.

* * *

black death n, often cap B&D
1) PLAGUE (2)
2) a severe epidemic of plague and esp. bubonic plague that occurred in Asia and Europe in the 14th century

* * *

* * *

name formerly given to bubonic plague because affected tissues became black and gangrenous.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black Death — ist eine Spirituosen und Tabakmarke, deren Lizenzprodukte von verschiedenen Herstellern in diversen Ländern produziert und vertrieben werden. Im Gegensatz zu den meisten anderen Marken wird bei Black Death wenig Wert auf Öffentlichkeitsarbeit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BLACK DEATH — BLACK DEATH, epidemic of various contagious diseases, bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic, all caused by the same bacillus, pasteurella pestis, a combination of which raged throughout Europe between 1348 and 1350. (See Map: Black Death). It was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Black Death — Données clés Réalisation Christopher Smith Scénario Dario Poloni Acteurs principaux Sean Bean Eddie Redmayne Carice van Houten Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Black death — Death Death (d[e^]th), n. [OE. deth, dea[eth], AS. de[ a][eth]; akin to OS. d[=o][eth], D. dood, G. tod, Icel. dau[eth]i, Sw. & Dan. d[ o]d, Goth. dau[thorn]us; from a verb meaning to die. See {Die}, v. i., and cf. {Dead}.] 1. The cessation of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Black Death — (1984) афроамериканская хеви металическая группа. Black Death название норвежской блэк металической группы «Darkthrone» с 1986 по 1987 год. Блэк дэт метал (black/death metal, blackened death metal)  стиль музыки, вобравший в себя элементы… …   Википедия

  • Black Death — bubonic/pneumonic plague epidemic of 1347 51 in Europe, a modern name, introduced in English 1823 by Elizabeth Penrose s history of England. The contemporary name for it in most languages was something like the great dying or simply the plague… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Black death — A pestilence which ravaged Europe and Asia in the fourteenth century. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Black Death — n the Black Death the illness that killed large numbers of people in Europe and Asia in the 14th century →↑bubonic plague, ↑plague1 (2) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Black Death — Black′ Death′ n. pat why an outbreak of bubonic plague that spread over Europe and Asia in the 14th century and killed an estimated quarter of the population • Etymology: 1815–25 …   From formal English to slang

  • Black Death — n. a deadly disease, probably bubonic plague, which devastated Europe and Asia in the 14th cent …   English World dictionary

  • Black Death — ), [ [http://www.pasteur.fr/actu/presse/press/07pesteTIGR E.htm Researchers sound the alarm: the multidrug resistance of the plague bacillus could spread] ] but recently attributed by some to other diseases.The pandemic is thought to have begun… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”