ainhum
An acquired slowly progressive painful fibrous constriction that develops in the digitoplantar fold, usually of the little toe, gradually resulting in spontaneous amputation of the toe; most commonly affects black males in the tropics. [fr. Af. (Lagos), to saw]

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ai·nhum ī-'nyüm, -'nyün n a tropical disease of unknown cause that results in increasing fibrous constriction and ultimately in spontaneous amputation of the toes and esp. the little toes

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n.
loss of one or more toes due to slow growth of a fibrous band around the toe that eventually causes a spontaneous amputation. The condition is found in Black Africans and is associated with going barefoot.

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ain·hum (iґnum) (ānґhum) (Port. īnґyoom) [Port., from Yoruba eyun to saw] a disease affecting the toes, especially the fifth toe, and sometimes the fingers, seen chiefly in black adult males in Africa, in which a linear constriction around the affected digit leads to spontaneous amputation of the distal part of the digit. Called also dactylolysis spontanea.

Ainhum.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ainhum — Classification and external resources Ainhum of the left foot of a Zulu patient in Ngwelezane Hospital, KZN, South Africa.(The little toe on the opposite foot had auto amputated several years earlier.) ICD 10 L …   Wikipedia

  • ainhum — término africano utilizado para designar una enfermedad exótica en la que el dedo pequeño de pei y a veces otros dedos se caen espontáneamente a causa de una constricción circular que aumenta gradualmente. Se desconoce su etiología, aunque se… …   Diccionario médico

  • AINHUM — (на языке афр. негров нагосов означает «пила»), эндемический дерматоз некоторых тропических стран, с типичным постепенным стягиванием фиброзным кольцом пальцев, особенно мизинцев стоп, и их дальнейшей самопроизвольной ампутацией.… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • Ainhum — Ainhum, Krankheit der Eingebornen Afrikas und Südamerikas, bei der sich um die kleine Zehe eine bandartige Verhärtung der Haut bildet, die immer tiefer greift und allmählich die Zehe vollständig abschnürt. Die abgeschnürte Partie schwillt stark… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • aïnhum — ● aïnhum nom masculin (mot dialectal d un peuple noir d Afrique du Sud) Affection observée chez les Noirs d Afrique, caractérisée par une bride annulaire étranglant un orteil et évoluant vers l amputation spontanée …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ainhum — |a i| s. m. Doença não congênita dos negros do Brasil, caracterizada pelo espessamento progressivo da pele e consequente formação, em torno da raiz de um ou mais dedos do pé, de um anel fibroso, que termina por decepá los …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Ainhum — L ainhum (également connu sous le nom bankokerend, spontanea dactylolysis[1] ou sukhapakla) est une constriction douloureuse de la base du cinquième orteil précédant souvent de longue date (quelques années) une amputation bilatérale spontanée ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ainhum — A̲i̲n|hum [in port. Ausspr.: ainjụn̶g̶; afrik. port.] s; s: bei afrik. und südamer. Negern vorkommende Erkrankung unerkannter Ursache, die zur ringförmigen Abschnürung und Abstoßung von Finger oder Zehengliedern (bes. der Kleinzehe) führt …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • ainhum — n. (Medicine) disease common in black adult males in Africa in which a tight and fibrous band develops around the base of a toe or sometimes a finger and eventually causes its spontaneous amputation …   English contemporary dictionary

  • ainhum — ai·nhum …   English syllables

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