aldonic acids
Monosaccharide derivatives in which the aldehyde group has been oxidized to a carboxyl group. They may form lactones ( e.g., galactonic acid). SYN: glyconic acids.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Aldonic acid — An aldonic acid is any of a family of sugar acids obtained by oxidation of the aldehyde functional group of an aldoses to form a carboxylic acid functional group. Thus, their general chemical formula is HOOC (CHOH)n CH2OH. Oxidation of the… …   Wikipedia

  • aldonic — adjective Of or pertaining to the aldonic acids or their derivatives See Also: aldotrionic, aldotetronic, aldopentonic, aldohexonic, aldoheptonic …   Wiktionary

  • aldonic acid — noun Any of a class of polyhydroxy carboxylic acids derived from an aldose by oxidation of the aldehyde functional group. See Also: aldotrionic acid, aldotetronic acid, aldopentonic acid, aldohexonic acid …   Wiktionary

  • aldonic acid — al·don·ic acid (.)al .dän ik n any of a class of acids (as gluconic acid) formed from aldoses (as glucose) by oxidizing the aldehyde group to a carboxyl group * * * al·don·ic ac·id (al donґik) a carboxylic acid resulting from oxidation of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • aldonic acid — (ˈ)al|dänik noun Etymology: ald + onic : any of a class of acids (as gluconic acid) formed from aldoses (as glucose) by oxidizing the aldehyde group to a carboxyl group …   Useful english dictionary

  • glyconic acids — SYN: aldonic acids …   Medical dictionary

  • carbohydrate — /kahr boh huy drayt, beuh /, n. any of a class of organic compounds that are polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones, or change to such substances on simple chemical transformations, as hydrolysis, oxidation, or reduction, and that form the… …   Universalium

  • Альдоновые кислоты — полигидроксикарбоновые кислоты общей формулы HOCH2[CH(OH)]nCOOH, формально являющиеся продуктами окисления альдегидной группы альдоз[1]. Простейшей альдоновой кислотой является глицериновая кислота. Содержание 1 Номенклатура 2 Синтез и свойства …   Википедия

  • Plasticizer — Plasticizers are additives that increase the plasticity or fluidity of the material to which they are added, these include plastics, cement, concrete, wallboard and clay bodies. Although the same compounds are often used for both plastics and… …   Wikipedia

  • Aldaric acid — is a group of sugar acids characterised by the formula HOOC (CHOH)n COOH. Aldaric acids are usually synthesized by the oxidation of aldoses with nitric acid. In this reaction it is the open chain (polyhydroxyaldehyde) form of the sugar that… …   Wikipedia

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