all-trans-retinal
The orange retinaldehyde resulting from the action of light on the rhodopsin of the retina, which converts the 11-cis-retinal component of the rhodopsin to all-a.retinal plus opsin. SYN: a.retinal, visual yellow.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • all-trans retinal — a retinal isomer formed from the 11 cis isomer upon bleaching of the photoreceptor proteins of the retina by light; the isomer dissociates from the opsins and is reconverted to the 11 cis isomer in the dark to renew the visual cycle …   Medical dictionary

  • All-trans-Retinsäure — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Tretinoin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • trans-retinal — SYN: all t.retinal …   Medical dictionary

  • Retinal G protein coupled receptor — Retinal G protein coupled receptor, also known as RGR, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: RGR retinal G protein coupled receptor| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView TermToSearch=5995| accessdate …   Wikipedia

  • Retinal — Strukturformel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Retinal — chembox new ImageFile = Retinal structure.png ImageSize = IUPACName = OtherNames = Formula = C20H28O PubChem = 1070 SMILES = MolarMass= 284.436 Appearance = CASNo = 116 31 4 Density= MeltingPt= 63 °C BoilingPt= Solubility = MainHazards = FlashPt …   Wikipedia

  • Retinal isomerase — In enzymology, a retinal isomerase (EC number|5.2.1.3) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:all trans retinal ightleftharpoons 11 cis retinalHence, this enzyme has one substrate, all trans retinal, and one product, 11 cis… …   Wikipedia

  • retinal — 1. Relating to the retina. 2. Retinaldehyde; most commonly referring to the all trans form. r. dehydrogenase an oxidoreductase catalyzing the interconversion of retinaldehyde and NAD+ to retinoic acid and NADH …   Medical dictionary

  • Retinal pigment epithelium — Infobox Anatomy Name = Retinal pigment epithelium Latin = p. pigmentosa retinae GraySubject = 225 GrayPage = 1016 Caption = Section of retina. (Pigmented layer labeled at bottom right.) Caption2 = Plan of retinal neurons. (Pigmented layer labeled …   Wikipedia

  • retinal isomerase — ret·i·nal isom·er·ase (retґĭ nəl i somґər ās) [EC 5.2.1.3] an enzyme of the isomerase class that catalyzes the interconversion of the all trans and 11 cis isomers of retinal. The reaction regenerates 11 cis retinal in the… …   Medical dictionary

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