allyl
The monovalent radical, CH2=CHCH2—.
- a. alcohol a colorless liquid of pungent odor used in making resins and plasticizers; highly irritating to mucous membranes and readily absorbed, causing depression and coma. SYN: vinyl carbinol.
- a. cyanide found in some mustard oil s.
- a. isothiocyanate obtained from Brassica nigra by the action of water on sinigrin and myrosin or produced synthetically; a vesicant, used in 10% solution in 50% alcohol as a counterirritant in neuralgia. Gives mustard its characteristic flavor and aroma. SEE ALSO: mustard oil. SYN: volatile mustard oil.
- a. sulfide a constituent of garlic oil used in the manufacture of flavors.

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al·lyl 'al-əl n, often attrib an unsaturated monovalent radical C3H5 compounds of which are found in the oils of garlic and mustard
al·lyl·ic ə-'lil-ik, a- adj

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al·lyl (alґəl) [allium + -yl] a univalent organic group, CH2CHCH2.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allȳl — (Chem.), C6H5, Radical, welches sich im Knoblauchöl, Senföl u. mehreren Derivaten dieser Körper, z.B. dem Sinapolin, Sinamin, dem Thiosinamin etc. findet; entsteht durch Einwirkung von Natrium auf Allyljodür u. bildet eine flüchtige, ätherartige …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Allyl — Al lyl, n. [L. allium garlic + yl.] (Chem.) An organic radical, {C3H5}, existing especially in oils of garlic and mustard. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Allȳl — C3H5, oder CH2.CH.CH2, Radikal der Alkylverbindungen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Allyl... — Allyl...   [zu lateinisch allium »Knoblauch«] das, s/ e, Bezeichnung der chemischen Nomenklatur für die einbindige Atomgruppierung CH2 CH = CH2 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • allyl — [al′il] n. [ ALL(IUM) + YL] Chem. the radical H2C:CHCH2 allylic [ə lil′ik, alil′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Allyl — An allyl group is an alkene hydrocarbon group with the formula H2C=CH CH2 . It is made up of a vinyl group, CH2=CH , attached to a methylene CH2. For example allyl alcohol has the structure H2C=CH CH2OH . Compounds containing the allyl group are… …   Wikipedia

  • allyl — /al il/, Chem. adj. 1. containing the allyl group. n. 2. the allyl group. [1850 55; < L all(ium) garlic + YL] * * * …   Universalium

  • Allyl — Allylgruppe. Als Allylgruppe wird in der organischen Chemie ein ungesättigter Kohlenwasserstoffrest bezeichnet, der die Formel H2C=CH–CH2– hat, also eine 2 Propenyl Gruppe darstellt. Es handelt sich dabei formal um eine Vinylgruppe H2C=CH–, an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • allyl — adj. containing the allyl group (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • allyl- — alil statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Grupė. formulė CH₂=CHCH₂– atitikmenys: angl. allyl rus. аллил ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 propenil …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • allyl — adjective Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Latin allium garlic Date: 1854 being or containing the unsaturated monovalent radical CH2CHCH2– …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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