amantadine hydrochloride
An antiviral agent used for influenza; also used to treat parkinsonism where it increases dopamine release and reduces its reuptake into dopaminergic nerve terminals of substantia nigra neurons.

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aman·ta·dine hy·dro·chlo·ride (ə-manґtə-dēn) [USP] 1-aminoadamantane, an antiviral of the adamantane group, used for prophylaxis and treatment of influenza A. Because it augments the release of dopamine, it is also used as an antidyskinetic in treatment of parkinsonism and drug-induced extrapyramidal reactions; administered orally.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • amantadine hydrochloride — [ə man′tə dēn΄, ə man′tədin΄] a white, crystalline drug, C10H17N·HCl, used to prevent and treat certain forms of influenza and to treat parkinsonism: also called amantadine n. * * * …   Universalium

  • amantadine hydrochloride — [ə man′tə dēn΄, ə man′tədin΄] a white, crystalline drug, C10H17N·HCl, used to prevent and treat certain forms of influenza and to treat parkinsonism: also called amantadine n …   English World dictionary

  • amantadine — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary amantad (alteration of adamantane, C10H16) + amine Date: 1964 a drug used especially as the hydrochloride C10H17N•HCl to prevent infection (as by an influenza virus) by interfering with virus …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • amantadine — aman·ta·dine ə mant ə .dēn n a drug administered orally esp. in the form of its hydrochloride C10H17N·HCl to prevent infection (as by the virus causing influenza A) by interfering with virus penetration into host cells and in the treatment of… …   Medical dictionary

  • Amantadin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Amantadin Andere Na …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Symmetrel — Sym·met·rel sim ə .trel trademark used for a preparation of the hydrochloride of amantadine * * * Sym·me·trel (simґə trəl) trademark for a preparation of amantadine hydrochloride …   Medical dictionary

  • Mihai Ioan Botez — (1927–1998) was a neurologist trained at the Romanian School of Neurology founded by Gheorghe Marinescu. Mihai Ioan Botez Contents 1 Academic life 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Antigenic shift — Not to be confused with antigenic drift or genetic drift. NIAID illustration of potential influenza antigenic shift Antigenic shift is the process by which two or more different strains of a virus, or strains of two or more different viruses …   Wikipedia

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