American Law Institute formulation
Used in certain jurisdictions to determine criminal responsibility in legal proceedings. See criminal insanity.

* * *

a section of the American Law Institute Model Penal Code: “A person is not responsible for criminal conduct if at the time of such conduct as a result of mental disease or defect he lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality [wrongfulness] of his conduct or to conform his conduct to the requirements of the law … the terms ‘mental disease or defect' do not include an abnormality manifested only by repeated criminal or otherwise antisocial conduct [antisocial personality].” This test of criminal responsibility or closely related rules have been adopted by many state and federal jurisdictions.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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