α-amino acid
Typically, an amino acid of the general formula R—CHNH2—COOH ( i.e., the NH2 in the α position); the l forms of these are the hydrolysis products of proteins. In rarer usages, this class of molecules also includes α-amino phosphoric acid s and α-aminosulfonic acids.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • α-amino acid — α aminorūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Aminorūgštis, kurios –COOH ir –NH₂ grupės atskirtos vieno C atomo. atitikmenys: angl. α amino acid rus. α аминокислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • α-amino acid — an amino acid whose amino and carboxyl groups are both attached to the same carbon atom …   Medical dictionary

  • α-aminoadipic acid — α ami·no·adip·ic ac·id (ə me″no ə dipґik) a dicarboxylic amino acid occurring as an intermediate in the degradation of lysine and hydroxylysine. Written also 2 aminoadipic acid …   Medical dictionary

  • α-aminoisobutyric acid — 2 amino 2 methylpropionic acid; a synthetic amino acid useful in the study of amino acid transport across cell membranes and in the study of cytokine effects; it is not metabolized by the cell …   Medical dictionary

  • α-ketoglutaric acid — α ke·to·glu·tar·ic ac·id (ke″to gloo tarґik) 2 oxopentanedioic acid, 2 oxoglutaric acid, an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (q.v.); α ketoglutarate is also produced from glutamate in amino group transfer reactions and …   Medical dictionary

  • α-aminoadipic acid — 2 amino 1,6 hexanedioic acid; an intermediate of lysine biosynthesis in higher fungi and bacteria, but not in algae and higher plants. Also found in the degradation of lysine in mammals …   Medical dictionary

  • Amino acid — This article is about the class of chemicals. For the structures and properties of the standard proteinogenic amino acids, see Proteinogenic amino acid. The generic structure of an alpha amino acid in its unionized form …   Wikipedia

  • Amino acid — One of the 20 building blocks of protein. The sequence of amino acids in a protein and, hence, the function of that protein are determined by the genetic code in the DNA. Amino acids are molecules that (in technical terms) contain a basic amino… …   Medical dictionary

  • amino acid — Biochem. any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least one amino group, NH2, and one carboxyl group, COOH: the alpha amino acids, RCH(NH2)COOH, are the building blocks from which proteins are constructed. Cf. essential amino acid.… …   Universalium

  • Amino acid synthesis — For the non biological synthesis of amino acids see: Strecker amino acid synthesis Amino acid synthesis is the set of biochemical processes (metabolic pathways) by which the various amino acids are produced from other compounds. The substrates… …   Wikipedia

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