Borborygmus
Bowel sounds, the gurgling, rumbling, or growling noise from the abdomen caused by the muscular contractions of peristalsis, the process that moves the contents of the stomach and intestines downward. The plural is borborygmi. Bowel sounds are normal. Their absence can indicate intestinal obstruction. Bowel sounds may also be temporarily absent after abdominal surgery. The word "borborygmus" has been rumbling around the English language for some 200 years. Its earliest known use in English dates to 1796. The word arrived from New Latin, but traces its way back to the Greek "borboryzein," which means "to rumble."
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Rumbling or gurgling noises produced by movement of gas, fluid, or both in the alimentary canal, and audible at a distance. [G. borborygmos, rumbling in the bowels]

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bor·bo·ryg·mus .bȯr-bə-'rig-məs n, pl -mi -.mī a rumbling sound made by the movement of gas in the intestine
bor·bo·ryg·mic -mik adj

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n. (pl. borborygmi)
an abdominal gurgle due to movement of fluid and gas in the intestine. Excessive borborygmi occur when intestinal movement is increased, for example in the irritable bowel syndrome and in intestinal obstruction, or when there is more intestinal gas than normal.

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bor·bo·ryg·mus (bor″bə-rigґməs) pl. borborygґmi [L.] a rumbling noise caused by the propulsion of gas through the intestines.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Borborygmus — (plural borborygmi) (from Greek βορβορυγμός ) also known as stomach growling or rumbling is the rumbling sound produced by the movement of gas through the intestines of animals, including humans. The word borborygmus is an onomatopoeia for this… …   Wikipedia

  • Borborygmus — (griech.), kollerndes Geräusch im Leib, durch lebhafte Peristaltik des mit Gas und Flüssigkeit erfüllten Darmes erzeugt; figürlich für Magenknurren aus Hunger. B. hystericus, Darmkollern mit Austreibung von Darmgasen durch krampfhafte hysterische …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Borborygmus — Borborygmus, Kollern, Gurren. nennt man in der Heilkunde das helle, kollernde Geräusch in den Gedärmen, welches entsteht, wenn stark angesammelte Gase mit flüssigem Darminhalt sich fortbewegen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • borborygmus — [bôr΄bə rig′məs] n. pl. borborygmi [bôr΄bə rig′mī΄] [ModL < Gr borborygmos < borboryzein, to rumble] a rumbling sound made by gas in the intestines …   English World dictionary

  • Borborygmus — Das Magenknurren (Borborygmus) ist ein deutlich zu vernehmendes grummelndes Geräusch aus der Bauchgegend, das nur dann entsteht, wenn der Magen leer ist und das als Hungersignal aufzufassen ist. Das Geräusch entsteht dadurch, dass im leeren Magen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • borborygmus — noun (plural borborygmi) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek borborygmos, from borboryzein to rumble Date: 1762 intestinal rumbling caused by moving gas …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • borborygmus — /bawr beuh rig meuhs/, n., pl. borborygmi / muy/. Physiol. a rumbling or gurgling sound caused by the movement of gas in the intestines. [1710 20; < NL < Gk borborygmós intestinal rumbling] * * * …   Universalium

  • borborygmus — noun /bɔːbəˈrɪɡməs/ A rumbling sound made by the movement of gas in the intestines heard from a distance …   Wiktionary

  • Borborygmus — Borborỵg|mus [aus gr. βορβορυγμος = Bauchknurren, Bauchkullern] m; , ...men: kullerndes, plätscherndes Geräusch im Unterbauch (durch Darmwinde hervorgerufen) …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • borborygmus — n. rumbling in the stomach caused by intestinal gas …   English contemporary dictionary

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