appliance
A device used to improve function of a part, or for therapeutic purposes. [fr, O. Fr. aplier, to apply, fr. L. applico, to fold together]
- craniofacial a. a device used to immobilize and/or reduce mandibular or midfacial fractures. SEE ALSO: fixation.
- edgewise a. a fixed, multibanded orthodontic a. using an attachment bracket the slot of which receives a rectangular archwire horizontally, which gives precise control of tooth movement in all three planes of space.
- extraoral fracture a. a device used for extraoral reduction and fixation of maxillary or mandibular fractures, in which pins, clamps, or screws interjoined with metal or acrylic connectors are used to align the fractured segments. SEE ALSO: external pin fixation.
- Hawley a. SYN: Hawley retainer.
- intraoral fracture a. a metal or acrylic device attached to the teeth with wire or cement; used to immobilize fractures of the maxilla and mandible.
- labiolingual a. an orthodontic a. that consists of a maxillary labial arch wire and a mandibular lingual arch wire.
- light wire a. an orthodontic a. utilizing small gauge labial wires with expansion and contraction loops formed into it and attached to bands fitted to individual teeth; sometimes called Begg light wire differential force technique.
- obturator a. an a. used to obliterate congenital or acquired defects of the palate and surrounding structures, usually made of acrylic or rubber.
- orthodontic a. a mechanism for the application of force to the teeth and their supporting tissues to produce changes in the relationship of the teeth and/or the related osseous structures.
- ribbon arch a. an a. consisting of a rectangular wire inserted into a specially designed bracket attached to the labial and buccal surfaces of the teeth.
- Roger Anderson pin fixation a. an a. used in extraoral fixation of mandibular fractures and prognathic corrections in which pins placed in the bone segments are joined by metal connecting rods. SEE ALSO: external pin fixation.
- surgical a. a metal or plastic a. constructed prior to an operation and used to immobilize or support tissue during the postoperative phase.
- universal a. a combination of the edgewise and ribbon arch a. techniques, affording precise control of individual teeth in all planes of space.

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ap·pli·ance ə-'plī-ən(t)s n an instrument or device designed for a particular use <prosthetic \appliances> <an orthodontic \appliance used to move misaligned teeth into proper occlusion>

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ap·pli·ance (ə-pliґəns) in dentistry, a general term referring to various devices used to provide a function or therapeutic effect, e.g., dental prostheses, obturators, or orthodontic appliances.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Appliance — Ap*pli ance, n. 1. The act of applying; application. [1913 Webster] 2. subservience; compliance. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. A thing applied or used as a means to an end; an apparatus or device; as, to use various appliances; a mechanical… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Appliance — may refer to a device with a narrow function:* Home appliance, household machines, using electricity or some other energy input. ** Small appliances ** Major appliances * In medicine and dentistry, custom fitted appliances to an individual for… …   Wikipedia

  • appliance — ap‧pli‧ance [əˈplaɪəns] noun [uncountable] MARKETING a piece of electrical equipment, especially one used in people s homes such as a cooker or a refrigerator: • The firm manufactures household appliances. * * * appliance UK US /əˈplaɪəns/ noun… …   Financial and business terms

  • appliance — I noun accessory, adjunct, apparatus, appurtenance, attachment, commodity, contrivance, convenience, device, equipment, facility, implement, instrument, instrumentum, labor saving device, machine, means, mechanism, piece of apparatus, precision… …   Law dictionary

  • appliance — (n.) 1560s, action of putting into use, from APPLY (Cf. apply) + ANCE (Cf. ance). Meaning instrument, thing applied for a purpose is from 1590s …   Etymology dictionary

  • appliance — tool, *implement, instrument, utensil Analogous words: accessory, adjunct (see APPENDAGE): *device, contrivance, gadget …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • appliance — [n] machine, usually with domestic purpose apparatus, device, gadget, implement, instrument, mechanism, tool; concept 463 …   New thesaurus

  • appliance — ► NOUN 1) a device designed to perform a specific task. 2) Brit. the application of something …   English terms dictionary

  • appliance — [ə plī′əns] n. 1. Rare the act of applying; application 2. a device or machine for performing a specific task, esp. one that is worked mechanically or by electricity [stoves, irons, etc. are household appliances] SYN. IMPLEMENT …   English World dictionary

  • appliance — [[t]əpla͟ɪ͟əns[/t]] appliances 1) N COUNT An appliance is a device or machine in your home that you use to do a job such as cleaning or cooking. Appliances are often electrical. [FORMAL] He could also learn to use the vacuum cleaner, the washing… …   English dictionary

  • Appliance — Dieser Artikel wurde aufgrund von inhaltlichen Mängeln auf der Qualitätssicherungsseite der Redaktion Informatik eingetragen. Dies geschieht, um die Qualität der Artikel aus dem Themengebiet Informatik auf ein akzeptables Niveau zu bringen. Hilf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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