artemisinin
A sesquiterpene antimalarial and antischistosomal drug derived from Artemisia annua; a. is a potent and rapidly acting blood schizontocide that has been reported to be very useful in the treatment of cerebral malaria; active against chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum and chloroquine-sensitive P. falciparum and P. vivax.

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ar·te·mis·i·nin .ärt-ə-'mis-ən-ən n an antimalarial drug C15H22O5 that is a peroxide derivative of sesquiterpene and is obtained from the leaves of a Chinese artemisia (Artemisia annua) or made synthetically

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ar·te·mis·i·nin (ahr″tə-misґĭ-nin) 1. an antimalarial lactone derived from Artemisia annua, effective against schizonts of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum. Artemisinin and its derivatives are rapid-acting but are subject to recrudescence and are used in combination with other, longer-acting antimalarials. 2. any of the antimalarial drugs derived from this compound.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artemisinin — Systematic (IUPAC) name (3R,5aS,6R,8aS,9R,12S,12aR) octahydro 3,6,9 trimethyl 3,12 epoxy 12H pyrano[4,3 j] 1,2 benzodioxepin 10(3H) one …   Wikipedia

  • Artemisinin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Artemisinin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • artemisinin — n. the active ingredient of qinghaosu, a Chinese herbal medicine prepared from a species of wormwood (Artemisia annua) and long used for treating malaria. Derivatives of artemisinin (including artesunate and artemether) have been developed for… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • artemisinin — noun an anti malarial drug derived from the wormwood shrub, found as the active ingredient in traditional Chinese medical herbal treatment for malaria, chemically a sesquiterpene lactone …   Wiktionary

  • artemisinin — [ˌα:tɪ mi:sɪnɪn] noun a terpene based antimalarial substance obtained from an artemisia and used in Chinese medicine …   English new terms dictionary

  • artemisinin — artemisˈinin noun see ↑qinghaosu • • • Main Entry: ↑artemisia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Artemisinin-based Combination Treatment — Artémisinine Artémisinine Général No CAS 63968 64 9 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • History of malaria — The history of malaria predates humanity, as this ancient disease evolved before humans did. Malaria, a widespread and potentially lethal infectious disease, has afflicted people for much of human history, and has affected settlement patterns.… …   Wikipedia

  • Artemisin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Artemisinin Andere Namen (3R,5aS,6R,8aS,9R,12S,12aR) Octahydro 3,6 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tu Youyou — (chinesisch 屠呦呦 Tú Yōuyōu; * 12. Dezember 1930 in Ningbo)[1][2] ist eine chinesische Pharmakologin. Sie isolierte den zur Behandlung der Malaria eingesetzten sekundären Pflanzenstoff Artemisinin aus dem Einjährigen Beifuß (Artemisia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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