- A sesquiterpene antimalarial and antischistosomal drug derived from Artemisia annua; a. is a potent and rapidly acting blood schizontocide that has been reported to be very useful in the treatment of cerebral malaria; active against chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum and chloroquine-sensitive P. falciparum and P. vivax.
* * *ar·te·mis·i·nin .ärt-ə-'mis-ən-ən n an antimalarial drug C15H22O5 that is a peroxide derivative of sesquiterpene and is obtained from the leaves of a Chinese artemisia (Artemisia annua) or made synthetically
* * *ar·te·mis·i·nin (ahr″tə-misґĭ-nin) 1. an antimalarial lactone derived from Artemisia annua, effective against schizonts of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum. Artemisinin and its derivatives are rapid-acting but are subject to recrudescence and are used in combination with other, longer-acting antimalarials. 2. any of the antimalarial drugs derived from this compound.
Medical dictionary. 2011.