Cadmium
A metallic element whose salts are toxic and cause cancer. Cadmium and cadmium compounds were upgraded in 2000 by the US government to the status of "known human carcinogens." These materials are used in batteries, coating and plating, plastic and synthetic products and alloys, and have been found to carry an increased risk of lung cancers in workers exposed to cadmium and cadmium compounds.
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A metallic element, atomic no. 48, atomic wt. 112.411; its salts are poisonous and little used in medicine. Various compounds of c. are used commercially in metallurgy, photography, electrochemistry, etc.; a few have been used as ascaricides, antiseptics, and fungicides. [L. cadmia, fr. G. kadmeia or kadmia, an ore of zinc, calamine]

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cad·mi·um 'kad-mē-əm n a bluish white malleable ductile toxic bivalent metallic element used esp. in protective platings and in bearing metals symbol Cd see ELEMENT (table)

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n.
a silvery metallic element that can cause serious lung irritation if the fumes of the molten metal are inhaled. Long-term exposure may also cause kidney damage. Symbol: Cd.

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cad·mi·um (Cd) (kadґme-əm) [Gr. kadmia earth] a bivalent metal, similar to tin in appearance and properties; atomic number 48, atomic weight 112.40. Cadmium and its salts are poisonous; see cadmium poisoning, cadmiosis, and cadmium lung.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CADMIUM — Le cadmium est un métal blanc argent, légèrement bleuté. Il est très malléable et ductile. Son abondance dans la lithosphère est estimée à 0,15 g/t, c’est donc un métal relativement rare. Il n’existe pas de minerais de cadmium en quantités… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cadmium — (pronEng|ˈkædmiəm) is a chemical element with the symbol Cd and atomic number 48. A relatively abundant (price 3.55 USD/lb as of 2008 02 15), soft, bluish white, transition metal, cadmium is known to cause cancer and occurs with zinc ores.… …   Wikipedia

  • Cadmium — Argent ← Cadmium → Indium Zn …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cadmium — Cad mi*um, n. [NL. See {Cadmia}.] (Chem.) A comparatively rare element related to zinc, and occurring in some zinc ores. It is a white metal, both ductile and malleable. Symbol Cd. Atomic weight 111.8. It was discovered by Stromeyer in 1817, who… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cadmium — (Cadmin ot, Cd., Chem. u. Min.), Metall von 8,69–9,05 specifischem Gewicht; als solches 1818 von Staberoh u. Hermann anerkannt. Es ist ein steter Begleiter des Zinks. Seinen Namen hat es vom griechischen Kadmia, Galmei, worin er als Oxyd, so wie… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cadmĭum — Cadmĭum, s. Kadmium; C. bromatum, Kadmiumbromid; C. chloratum, Kadmiumchlorid; C. jodatum, Kadmiumjodid; C. oxydatum, Kadmiumoxyd; C. sulfuratum, Kadmiumsulfuret; C. sulfuricum, schwefelsaures Kadmium …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cadmium — Cadmium, s. Kadmium …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Cadmium — Cadmium, ein sehr biegsames weiches Metall, von 8,64 spec. Gewicht u. von einer Farbe zwischen der des Zinks und Zinns; es wurde im Jahre 1817 zuerst von Hermann zu Schönebek in schlesischem Zinkoxyde, später von Klurke, Strohmeyer, Thomson etc.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • cadmium — CÁDMIUM s.n. v. cadmiu. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • Cadmium — vgl. Kadmium …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • cadmium — Symbol: Cd Atomic number: 48 Atomic weight: 112.40 Soft bluish metal belonging to group 12 of the periodic table. Extremely toxic even in low concentrations. Chemically similar to zinc, but lends itself to more complex compounds. Discovered in… …   Elements of periodic system

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