asphyxia
Impaired or absent exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide on a ventilatory basis; combined hypercapnia and hypoxia or anoxia. [G. a- priv. + sphyzo, to throb]
- cyanotic a. a. to the point of sufficient destruction of hemoglobin to produce cyanosis.
- local a. stagnation of the circulation, sometimes resulting in local gangrene, especially of the fingers; one of the symptoms usually associated with Raynaud disease.
- symmetric a. SYN: Raynaud syndrome.
- traumatic a. cyanotic a. due to trauma; the extravasation of blood into the skin and conjunctivae, produced by a sudden mechanical increase in venous pressure, analogous to the Rumpel-Leede test; it is common in those who have been hanged, and is seen occasionally in crush injuries. SYN: pressure stasis.

* * *

as·phyx·ia as-'fik-sē-ə, əs- n a lack of oxygen or excess of carbon dioxide in the body that is usu. caused by interruption of breathing and that causes unconsciousness compare SUFFOCATION
as·phyx·i·al -sē-əl adj

* * *

n.
suffocation: a life-threatening condition in which oxygen is prevented from reaching the tissues by obstruction of or damage to any part of the respiratory system. Drowning, choking, and breathing poisonous gas all lead to asphyxia. Unless the condition is remedied by removing the obstruction (when present) and by artificial respiration if necessary, there is progressive cyanosis leading to death. Brain cells cannot live for more than about four minutes without oxygen.

* * *

as·phyx·ia (as-fikґse-ə) [Gr. “a stopping of the pulse”] pathological changes caused by lack of oxygen in respired air, resulting in hypoxia and hypercapnia; see also respiration. asphyxial adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Asphyxia — As*phyx i*a, Asphyxy As*phyx y, n. [NL. asphyxia, fr. Gr. ?; a priv. + ? to throb, beat.] (Med.) Apparent death, or suspended animation; the condition which results from interruption of respiration, as in suffocation or drowning, or the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • asphyxia — 1706, stoppage of pulse, from Modern Latin, from Gk. asphyxia stopping of the pulse, from a not + sphyzein to throb. The current sense of suffocation is from 1778, but it is a curious infelicity of etymology [OED] since victims of suffocation… …   Etymology dictionary

  • asphyxia — [as fik′sē ə] n. [ModL < Gr, stopping of the pulse < a , not + sphyzein, to throb] loss of consciousness as a result of too little oxygen and too much carbon dioxide in the blood: suffocation causes asphyxia …   English World dictionary

  • asphyxia — ► NOUN ▪ a condition caused by the body being deprived of oxygen, leading to unconsciousness or death. DERIVATIVES asphyxiant adjective & noun. ORIGIN Greek asphuxia, from a without + sphuxis pulse …   English terms dictionary

  • Asphyxia — Smother redirects here. For other uses, see Smother (disambiguation). Suffocation redirects here. For other uses, see Suffocation (disambiguation). Asphyxia Classification and external resources ICD 10 R09.0, T …   Wikipedia

  • Asphyxia — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 R09.0 Asphyxie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • asphyxia — asphyxial, adj. /as fik see euh/, n. Pathol. the extreme condition caused by lack of oxygen and excess of carbon dioxide in the blood, produced by interference with respiration or insufficient oxygen in the air; suffocation. [1700 10; < NL < Gk… …   Universalium

  • asphyxia — [[t]æsfɪ̱ksiə[/t]] N UNCOUNT Asphyxia is death or loss of consciousness caused by being unable to breathe properly. [MEDICAL] Most deaths occurred from asphyxia through smoke inhalation. Syn: suffocation …   English dictionary

  • asphyxia —   n. suffocation.    ♦ asphyxial, a.    ♦ asphyxiant, n. & a. (substance) causing asphyxia.    ♦ asphyxiate, v.i. & t.    ♦ asphyxiator, n. substance causing asphyxia …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • asphyxia — noun A condition in which an extreme decrease in the concentration of oxygen in the body accompanied by an increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide leads to loss of consciousness or death. Asphyxia can be induced by choking, drowning,… …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”