astringent
1. Causing contraction or shrinkage of the tissues, arrest of secretion, or control of bleeding. 2. An agent having these effects. [L. astringens]

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as·trin·gent ə-'strin-jənt adj having the property of causing contraction of soft organic tissues <\astringent cosmetic lotions>:
a) tending to shrink mucous membranes or raw or exposed tissues: checking discharge (as of serum or mucus): STYPTIC
b) tending to pucker the tissues of the mouth <\astringent fruits>
as·trin·gen·cy -jən-sē n, pl -cies
astringent n an astringent agent or substance

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n.
a drug that causes cells to shrink by precipitating proteins from their surfaces. Astringents are used in lotions to harden and protect the skin and to reduce bleeding from minor abrasions. They are also used in mouth washes, throat lozenges, eye drops, etc., and in antiperspirants.

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astrin·gent (ə-strinґjənt) [L. astringens, from ad to + stringere to bind] 1. causing contraction, usually locally after topical application. 2. an agent that causes contraction; see also styptic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • astringent — astringent, ente [ astrɛ̃ʒɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. et n. m. • 1537; lat. astringens, de astringere « serrer » 1 ♦ Méd. Qui exerce sur les tissus vivants un resserrement. Remède astringent, lotion astringente. N. m. Les astringents (alun, tanin, quinquina,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • astringent — ASTRINGÉNT, Ă, astringenţi, te, adj., s.n. 1. adj. (Despre substanţe) Care contractează ţesuturile organismului. 2. s.n. Substanţă sau medicament folosit pentru combaterea secreţiilor organice exagerate. – Din fr. astringent, lat. astringens,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Astringent — As*trin gent ( jent), a. [L. astringens, p. pr. of astringere: cf. F. astringent. See {Astringe}.] 1. Drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; opposed to {laxative}; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • astringent — [ə strin′jənt] adj. [L astringens, prp. of stringere, to contract < ad , to + stringere, draw tight: see STRICT] 1. that contracts body tissue and checks secretions, capillary bleeding, etc.; styptic 2. having a harsh, biting quality [an… …   English World dictionary

  • astringent — astringent, ente (a strin jan, jan t ) adj. Terme de médecine. Qui a la propriété de déterminer une sorte de crispation dans les tissus. Une substance astringente.    S. m. Les astringents. Le perchlorure de fer est un bon astringent. HISTORIQUE… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • astringent — ASTRINGENT, ENTE. adj. Qui resserre. Remède astringent. Herbe astringente. Poudre astringente. [b]f♛/b] Il est quelquefois substantif. Arrêter le sang avec des astringens …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • astringent — Astringent, [astring]ente. adj. v. Qui resserre. Remede astringent. herbe astringente. poudre astringente. Il est quelquefois subst. On luy a arresté le sang avec des astringents …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • astringent — ► ADJECTIVE 1) causing the contraction of body tissues. 2) (of taste or smell) sharp or bitter. 3) harsh or severe. ► NOUN ▪ an astringent lotion applied for medical or cosmetic purposes. DERIVATIVES astringency noun astringently …   English terms dictionary

  • Astringent — As*trin gent, n. A medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc. [1913 Webster] External astringents are called styptics. Dunglison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • astringent — I adjective acid, acrid, acrimonious, adstrictorius, austere, bitter, caustic, dour, exigent, harsh, mordant, rough, severe, stern, strict, stringent, tart II index bitter (penetrating) …   Law dictionary

  • astringent — (adj.) 1540s, from L. astringentum (nom. astringens), prp. of astringere to bind fast, tighten, contract, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + stringere draw tight (see STRAIN (Cf. strain) (v.)). As a noun from 1620s …   Etymology dictionary

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