Calicivirus
An extremely common cause of foodborne acute gastroenteritis, usually with more vomiting than diarrhea, that resolves within 2-3 days. Also called Norwalk-like virus (NLV). Clinical criteria for the diagnosis include: (1) an incubation period of 12-36 hours; (2) an illness characterized by acute onset of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and, in some cases, fever and malaise; and (3) an illness of 12-60 hours duration. The virus is spread primarily from one infected person to another (by the fecal-oral route). Infected kitchen workers can contaminate a salad or sandwich as they prepare it, if they have the virus on their hands. Infected fishermen have contaminated oysters as they harvested them. Calicivirus is so named for its characteristic "Star of David" shape with cup-shaped (chalice) indentations.
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A genus in the family Caliciviridae that is associated with gastroenteritis. See hepatitis E virus, Norwalk agent. [G. kalyx, cup, + virus]

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cal·i·ci·vi·rus kə-'lis-ə-.vī-rəs, -'lē-sē-, -'lē-chē- n any of the family Caliciviridae of single-stranded RNA viruses

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Ca·li·ci·vi·rus (kə-lisґĭ-vi″rəs) [L. calix, gen. calicis cup + virus] a former genus of the family Caliciviridae whose species are now assigned to other genera.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calicivirus — Familie Caliciviridae Norovirus Systematik Reich: Viren Ordnung: nicht klassifiziert Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • calicivirus — noun Any virus of the family Caliciviridae …   Wiktionary

  • calicivirus — ca·li·ci·vi·rus …   English syllables

  • calicivirus — /kəˈlisivaɪrəs/ (say kuh leeseevuyruhs) noun any virus of the family Caliciviridae, a family of single strand RNA viruses, typically having small cuplike surface structures, whose hosts include mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. See… …   Australian English dictionary

  • calicivirus — kəˈlisəˌvīrəs, ˈlēsē , ˈlēchē noun Etymology: New Latin, from Latin calic , calix cup + i + New Latin virus more at chalice : any of a family (Caliciviridae) of single stranded RNA viruses that have 32 cup shaped depressions arranged… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Feline calicivirus — Taxobox color = violet name = Feline calicivirus image width = 200px image caption = Electron micrograph of FCV virus group = iv familia = Caliciviridae genus = Vesivirus species = Feline calicivirus Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a virus of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Felines Calicivirus — Katzenschnupfen ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für ansteckende Erkrankungen der Atemwege und der Schleimhäute des Kopfes bei Katzen. Synonym verwendet werden die Bezeichnungen infektiöse Katzenrhinitis, Katzenpneumonitis, cat flu und Rhinotracheitis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • feline calicivirus — a virus of the genus Vesivirus, transmitted by aerosol droplets and fomites, that causes respiratory disease in cats …   Medical dictionary

  • rabbit calicivirus — /ˈræbət kəˌlisivaɪrəs/ (say rabuht kuh.leeseevuyruhs) noun → rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus …   Australian English dictionary

  • калицивирусы — (Calicivirus) род вирусов сем. пикорнавирусов; вирионы имеют диаметр 30 40 нм; геном представлен однонитчатой молекулой РНК; патогенность для человека не установлена …   Большой медицинский словарь

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