Carb
Slang for carbohydrate. Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principal types of nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Carbohydrates can also be defined chemically as neutral compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Carbohydrates come in simple forms such as sugars and in complex forms such as starches and fiber. The body breaks down most sugars and starches into glucose, a simple sugar that the body can use to feed its cells. Complex carbohydrates are derived from plants. Dietary intake of complex carbohydrates can lower blood cholesterol when they are substituted for saturated fat. Carbohydrates are classified into mono, di, tri, poly and heterosaccharides. The smallest carbohydrates are monosaccharides such as glucose whereas polysaccharides such as starch, cellulose and glycogen can be large and even indeterminate in length. The energy produced by carbs is 4 calories per gram. Proteins also provide 4 calories per gram. Fats (lipids) are high in calories; they provide 9 calories per gram. Etymology: Carbohydrates are called carbohydrates because the carbon, hydrogen and oxygen they contain are usually in the proportion to form water with the general formula Cn(H2O)n.
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carbohydrate; coronary artery bypass graft

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carb 'kärb or car·bo 'kär-.bō n carbohydrate also a high-carbohydrate food usu. used in pl.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • carb — carb·ac·i·dom·e·ter; carb·alk·oxy; carb·alk·ox·yl; carb·am·i·do ; carb·am·i·no; carb·an·i·on; carb·azot·ic; carb·eth·oxy; carb·eth·ox·yl; carb·eth·ox·yl·a·tion; carb·he·mo·glo·bin; al·di·carb; carb; …   English syllables

  • Carb- — vor Konsonanten Carbo [↑ Carbo, ↑ Carboneum] Namensstamm in Namen von anorg. u. org. Kohlenstoffverb. u. in Begriffen, die sich auf Kohle u./od. Kohlenstoff (↑ Carbon) beziehen, z. B. Carbanion, Carben, Carbid, Carbonisieren, Carboxy , Carburier …   Universal-Lexikon

  • carb- — carb(o) élément, du lat. carbo, carbonis, charbon . ⇒CARBO , CARB , CARBI , élément préf. Élément préf. tiré du lat. carbo (charbon) et entrant dans la compos. de termes de chimie : carbasone, subst. fém. « Médicament arsenical se présentant sous …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Carb — may refer to:*Carbohydrate, a simple molecule *Carburetor, a device that blends air and fuel for an internal combustion engine *Carb (short for Carburetor), part of a bong or bowl that allows in air to be mixed with the smoke. *CARB, an acronym… …   Wikipedia

  • carb... — carb…, Carb… 〈in Zus.; vor Vokalen〉 = carbo…, Carbo… …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Carb... — carb…, Carb… 〈in Zus.; vor Vokalen〉 = carbo…, Carbo… …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • carb... — carb..., Carb... [k...] vgl. ↑karbo..., Karbo …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • carb — (carburetor) (Slang) carburetor, part of an internal combustion engine; carbohydrate or a high carbohydrate food carb (carbohydrate) (Slang) carbohydrate or a high carbohydrate food …   English contemporary dictionary

  • carb — carb‹o›..., Carb‹o›... ↑ karbo..., ↑ Karbo …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Carb... — carb‹o›..., Carb‹o›... ↑ karbo..., ↑ Karbo …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • carb — [ka:b US ka:rb] n informal 1.) BrE a ↑carburettor 2.) [usually plural] especially AmE a food such as rice, potatoes, or bread that contains ↑carbohydrate ▪ Before a race I eat plenty of carbs …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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