Central nervous system (CNS)
The central nervous system is that part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord. The central nervous system (CNS) is one of the two major divisions of the nervous system. The other is the peripheral nervous system (PNS) which is outside the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) connects the central nervous system (CNS) to sensory organs (such as the eye and ear), other organs of the body, muscles, blood vessels and glands. The peripheral nerves include the 12 cranial nerves, the spinal nerves and roots, and what are called the autonomic nerves that are concerned specifically with the regulation of the heart muscle, the muscles in blood vessel walls, and glands.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Система Нервная Центральная (Цнс) (Central Nervous System, Cns) — включает головной мозг и спинной мозг, от которых отходят соответственно парные черепно мозговые и спинномозговые нервы с их корешками; их ветви, нервные окончания и ганглии совместно образуют периферическую нервную систему (peripheral nervous… …   Медицинские термины

  • central nervous system prophylaxis — CNS prophylaxis. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy given to the central nervous system (CNS) as a preventive treatment. It is given to kill cancer cells that may be in the brain and spinal cord, even though no cancer has been detected there. Also …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • central nervous system sanctuary therapy — CNS sanctuary therapy. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy given to the central nervous system (CNS) as a preventive treatment. It is given to kill cancer cells that may be in the brain and spinal cord, even though no cancer has been detected there …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • central nervous system metastasis — CNS metastasis. Cancer that has spread from the original (primary) tumor to the central nervous system (CNS). Also called CNS metastasis …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Central nervous system infection — Central nervous system infections are those infections of the central nervous system (CNS).There are four main causes of infections of the nervous system: bacterial, viral, fungal and protozoal. Bacterial infections can be pyogenic infections ( e …   Wikipedia

  • Central nervous system — In vertebrates, the central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system which is enclosed in the meninges. It contains the majority of the nervous system and consists of the brain (in vertebrates which have them), and the spinal cord.… …   Wikipedia

  • CNS (central nervous system) — That part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord. The central nervous system (CNS) is one of the two major divisions of the nervous system. The other is the peripheral nervous system (PNS), that part of the nervous… …   Medical dictionary

  • Central nervous system depression — or CNS depression refers to physiological depression of the central nervous system that can result in decreased rate of breathing, decreased heart rate, and loss of consciousness possibly leading to coma or death. CNS depression often results… …   Wikipedia

  • central nervous system — n. the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord; abbreviated {CNS}. Syn: CNS. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • central nervous system — n the part of the nervous system which in vertebrates consists of the brain and spinal cord, to which sensory impulses are transmitted and from which motor impulses pass out, and which supervises and coordinates the activity of the entire nervous …   Medical dictionary

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