Cognition
The process of knowing. More precisely, the process of being aware, knowing, thinking, learning and judging. The study of cognition touches on the fields of psychology, linguistics, computer science, neuroscience, mathematics, ethology and philosophy. "Cognition" comes from the Latin root "cognoscere" meaning to become acquainted with. Cognoscere is made up of "co-" + "gnoscere" = to come to know.
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1. Generic term embracing the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory. 2. Any process whereby one acquires knowledge. [L. cognitio]

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cog·ni·tion käg-'nish-ən n
1) cognitive mental processes
2) a conscious intellectual act <conflict between \cognitions>

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n.
the mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. These include perception, reasoning, acts of creativity, problem-solving, and possibly intuition.
Compare conation.

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cog·ni·tion (kog-nishґən) [L. cognitio, from cognoscere to know] that operation of the mind by which one becomes aware of objects of thought or perception; it includes all aspects of perceiving, thinking, and remembering. cognitive adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • cognition — [ kɔgnisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIVe; lat. cognitio 1 ♦ Philos. Connaissance. 2 ♦ Physiol. Processus par lequel un organisme acquiert la conscience des événements et objets de son environnement. ● cognition nom féminin (latin cognitio, onis) Dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cognition — Cog*ni tion, n. [L. cognitio, fr. cognoscere, cognitum, to become acquainted with, to know; co + noscere, gnoscere, to get a knowledge of. See {Know}, v. t.] 1. The act of knowing; knowledge; perception. [1913 Webster] I will not be myself nor… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cognition — Cognition, im röm. Gerichtswesen richterliche Untersuchung u. Erkenntniß besonders in außerordentlichen Fällen (cognitio extraordinaria); daher cognosciren, richterlich untersuchen, erkennen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • cognition — I noun acquaintance, apperception, appreciation, apprehension, awareness, cognitio, cognitive process, cognizance, comprehension, conception, consciousness, discernment, enlightenment, familiarity, grasp, illumination, insight, intellection, ken …   Law dictionary

  • cognition — cognition, cognitive The process of knowing (thinking), sometimes distinguished from affect (emotion) and conation or volition (striving), in a triad of mental processes. Cognitive psychology, which focuses on the use and handling of information… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • cognition — mid 15c., ability to comprehend, from L. cognitionem (nom. cognitio) a getting to know, acquaintance, knowledge, noun of action from pp. stem of cognoscere (see COGNIZANCE (Cf. cognizance)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • cognition — ► NOUN ▪ the mental acquisition of knowledge through thought, experience, and the senses. DERIVATIVES cognitional adjective. ORIGIN Latin, from cognoscere get to know …   English terms dictionary

  • cognition — [käg nish′ən] n. [ME cognicioun < L cognitio, knowledge < cognitus, pp. of cognoscere, to know < co , together + gnoscere,KNOW] 1. the process of knowing in the broadest sense, including perception, memory, and judgment 2. the result of… …   English World dictionary

  • Cognition — In science, cognition refers to mental processes. These processes include attention, remembering, producing and understanding language, solving problems, and making decisions. Cognition is studied in various disciplines such as psychology,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cognition — La cognition est le terme scientifique pour désigner les mécanismes de la pensée. Historiquement, la cognition désignait la capacité de l esprit humain à manipuler des concepts. Mais plus récemment, en sciences cognitives, le mot cognition est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cognition — cognitional, adj. /kog nish euhn/, n. 1. the act or process of knowing; perception. 2. the product of such a process; something thus known, perceived, etc. 3. knowledge. [1375 1425; late ME cognicioun < L cognition (s. of cognitio), equiv. to… …   Universalium

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