Colic
An attack of crying and apparent abdominal pain in early infancy. This is a common condition, occurring in about 1 in every 10 babies. Colic is characterized by episodes of irritability, loud crying, and what appears to be abdominal pain with the legs drawn up and the abdomen feeling rigid. An attack of colic usually begins suddenly, often after a feeding. The cry is loud and continuous. The spells last from one to four hours and the baby's face often gets flushed or red. The belly is sometimes distended or prominent; the legs alternate between flexed and extended straight out; the feet are often cold and the hands clenched. The episodes, while they can occur at any time of the day or night, typically begin in the late afternoon or early evening. Overfeeding, undiluted juices, food allergies, and emotional stress can aggravate colic. Colic usually lasts from several weeks of age to 3 to 4 months of age. It is not harmful to the baby but is very consternating and wearing on parents. Parents should not assume new abdominal pain and loud crying in their baby is colic. It is important for the baby to be seen by a
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1. Relating to the colon. 2. Spasmodic pains in the abdomen. 3. In young infants, paroxysms of gastrointestinal pain, with crying and irritability, due to a variety of causes, such as swallowing of air, emotional upset, or overfeeding. [G. kolikos, relating to the colon]
- appendicular c. colicky pain occurring early in acute appendicitis. SYN: vermicular c..
- biliary c. intense spasmodic pain felt in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen from impaction of a gallstone in the cystic duct. SYN: gallstone c., hepatic c..
- copper c. an affection similar to lead c. occurring in chronic poisoning by copper.
- Devonshire c. SYN: lead c..
- gallstone c. SYN: biliary c..
- gastric c. colicky pain associated with gastritis or peptic ulcer.
- hepatic c. SYN: biliary c..
- infantile c. episodes of abdominal pain due to abnormal muscular contraction of the intestine in infants.
- lead c. severe colicky abdominal pain, with constipation, symptomatic of lead poisoning. SYN: Devonshire c., painter's c., Poitou c., saturnine c..
- meconial c. abdominal pain of newborn infants.
- menstrual c. intermittent cramplike lower abdominal pains associated with menstruation.
- ovarian c. lower abdominal pain due to torsion or twisting of an ovary, as with an ovarian cyst.
- painter's c. SYN: lead c..
- pancreatic c. severe colicky abdominal pain, resembling that of biliary c., caused by the passage of a pancreatic calculus.
- Poitou c. SYN: lead c..
- renal c. severe colicky pain caused by the impaction or passage of a calculus in the ureter or renal pelvis.
- salivary c. periodic attacks of pain in the region of a salivary duct or gland, accompanied by an acute swelling of the gland, occurring in cases of salivary calculus.
- saturnine c. SYN: lead c..
- tubal c. lower abdominal pain due to spasmodic contraction of the oviduct excited by a blood clot, other irritant, or the injection of gas or oil.
- ureteral c. paroxysm of pain due to abrupt obstruction of ureter from a calculus or blood clot in most instances.
- uterine c. painful cramps of the uterine muscle sometimes occurring at the menstrual period, or in association with uterine disease.
- vermicular c. SYN: appendicular c..
- zinc c. c. resulting from chronic zinc poisoning.

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col·ic 'käl-ik n
1) an attack of acute abdominal pain localized in a hollow organ or part (as the small intestine, ureter, or bile duct) and often caused by spasm, obstruction, or twisting
2) a condition marked by recurrent episodes of prolonged and uncontrollable crying and irritability in an otherwise healthy infant that is of unknown cause and usu. subsides after three to four months of age
colic adj of or relating to colic: COLICKY <\colic crying>
co·lic 'kō-lik, 'käl-ik adj of or relating to the colon <\colic lymph nodes>

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n.
severe abdominal pain, usually of fluctuating severity, with waves of pain seconds or a few minutes apart. Infantile colic is common among babies, due to wind in the intestine associated with feeding difficulties. Intestinal colic is due to partial or complete obstruction of the intestine or to constipation. Colic arising from the small intestine is felt in the upper abdomen; colic from the colon is felt in the lower abdomen. Medical names: enteralgia, tormina. See also biliary colic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colic — Col ic, n. [F. colique, fr. L. colicus sick with the colic, Gr. ?, fr. ?, ?, the colon. The disease is so named from its being seated in or near the colon. See {Colon}.] (Med.) A severe paroxysmal pain in the abdomen, due to spasm, obstruction,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • colic — colic; epi·colic; gas·tro·colic; hen·deca·colic; il·eo·colic; nic·colic; …   English syllables

  • colic — CÓLIC, Ă, colici, ce, adj. Care se referă la colon. Arteră colică. – cf. fr. c ô l o n. Trimis de hai, 28.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  cólic adj. m., pl. cólici; f. sg. cólică …   Dicționar Român

  • colic — [käl′ik] n. [ME colik < OFr colique < LL colicus, pertaining to colic, sick with colic < Gr kōlikos < kōlon, incorrect form for kolon, colon: from being seated in the colon and parts adjacent] 1. acute abdominal pain caused by various …   English World dictionary

  • Colic — Col ic, a. 1. Of or pertaining to colic; affecting the bowels. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the colon; as, the colic arteries. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • colic — (n.) disease characterized by severe abdominal pain, early 15c., from L.L. colicus pertaining to colic, from Gk. kolikos, belonging to the kolon lower intestine (see COLON (Cf. colon) (2)). The word was used in English late 14c. as an adjective,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Colic... — Colic..., was sich auf den Grimmdarm (Colon) bezieht; daher Colĭca passio, Colicus dolor, Colicodynie, s. Kolik; C. pictorum, Malerkolik, s. u. Bleikolik; C. sanguinĕa, Blutkolik, s. Kolik; C. saturnīna (Colicoplegie), s. Bleikolik; Colicae… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • colic — has a derivative adjective colicky (with k to harden the sound) …   Modern English usage

  • colic — ► NOUN ▪ severe pain in the abdomen caused by wind or obstruction in the intestines. DERIVATIVES colicky adjective. ORIGIN Latin colicus, from colon colon …   English terms dictionary

  • colic — colicky, adj. /kol ik/, Pathol., Vet. Pathol. n. 1. paroxysmal pain in the abdomen or bowels. adj. 2. pertaining to or affecting the colon or the bowels. [1400 50; late ME colike ( < MF colique) < L colica (passio) (suffering) of the colon < Gk… …   Universalium

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