Conditioning, Pavlovian
Named after the Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1848-1936) who conditioned dogs to respond in what proved to be a predictable manner. At different points along the dogs’ digestive tracts, he had surgically created pockets ("Pavlov pouches") from which he could obtain secretions, the aim being to study the physiology of the digestive tract. He did so from the salivary glands down to the stomach, liver and pancreas with considerable success and in 1904 (the 4th year it was awarded) he received the Nobel Prize for "his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged."

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • conditioning — /keuhn dish euh ning/, n. Psychol. 1. Also called operant conditioning, instrumental conditioning. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed until the subject associates the action with… …   Universalium

  • Pavlovian conditioning — conditioning (def. 2). [1930 35] * * * also called  Classical Conditioning,         a type of conditioned learning which occurs because of the subject s instinctive responses, as opposed to operant conditioning, which is contingent on the willful …   Universalium

  • Pavlovian conditioning — conditioning (def. 2). [1930 35] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Conditioning — 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal performance, as in physical therapy, or in preparation for sports performance. 2) A method of educating involving repetitive activities to influence behavior. * * * The… …   Medical dictionary

  • Pavlovian — Pav·lov·ian pav lȯ vē ən, lō ; lȯ fē adj of or relating to Ivan Pavlov or to his work and theories <Pavlovian conditioning> Pav·lov päv .lȯf, pav , .lȯv Ivan Petrovich (1849 1936) Russian physiologist. Pavlov is most famous for… …   Medical dictionary

  • Pavlovian — adjective Date: 1926 1. of or relating to Ivan Pavlov or to his work and theories < Pavlovian conditioning > 2. being or expressing a conditioned or predictable reaction ; automatic < the candidates gave Pavlovian answers > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • conditioning — According to behaviourism in psychology, conditioning is the way in which new connections between stimulus and response are learned, and therefore forms the basic pattern of learning. It comes in two forms. In classical or Pavlovian conditioning… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • conditioning — Synonyms and related words: Pavlovian conditioning, absorption and regurgitation, acclimation, acclimatization, accommodation, accustoming, adaptation, adaption, addictive, adjustment, apprenticeship, automatic writing, automatism, basic training …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Pavlovian — /pævˈloʊviən/ (say pav lohveeuhn) adjective Psychology of or related to classical conditioning: a Pavlovian response. {Pavlov + ian} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Pavlovian conditioning — The Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1848 1936) conditioned dogs to respond in what proved to be a predictable manner, for example, by first ringing a bell before feeding them and then simply ringing the bell upon which stimulus they… …   Medical dictionary

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