Congenital torticollis
A deformity of the neck that is evident at birth. It is due to shortening of the neck muscles. Congenital torticollis tilts the head to the side on which the neck muscles are shortened so that the chin points to the other side. The neck muscles that are shortened are principally supplied by the spinal accessory nerve. From the Latin "tortus", twisted + "collum", neck = twisted neck. Also called wry neck.

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torticollis due to injury to the sternocleidomastoid muscle on one side at the time of birth and its transformation into a fibrous cord which cannot lengthen with the growing neck.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Congenital — Present at birth. A condition that is congenital is one that is present at birth. There are numerous uses of congenital in medicine. There are, for example, congenital abnormalities. (For more examples, see below.) Versus genetic : One dictionary …   Medical dictionary

  • Torticollis, congenital — A deformity of the neck that is evident at birth. It is due to shortening of the neck muscles. Congenital torticollis tilts the head to the side on which the neck muscles are shortened so that the chin points to the other side. The neck muscles… …   Medical dictionary

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  • torticollis — /tawr ti kol is/, n. Pathol. a condition in which the neck is twisted and the head inclined to one side, caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscles of the neck. Also called wryneck. [1805 15; < NL, equiv. to L tort(us) twisted (see TORT) + i… …   Universalium

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  • syndrome — The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease. SEE ALSO: disease. [G. s., a running together, tumultuous concourse; (in med.) a concurrence of symptoms, fr. syn,… …   Medical dictionary

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