Adjuvant
The Latin “adjuvans” means to help, particularly to reach a goal. Adjuvant therapy for cancer is surgery followed by chemotherapy or radiation to help decrease the risk of the cancer recurring (coming back). An adjuvant is a substance that helps and enhances the pharmacological effect of a drug or increases the ability of an antigen to stimulate the immune system.
* * *
1. A substance added to a drug product formulation that affects the action of the active ingredient in a predictable way. 2. In immunology, a vehicle used to enhance antigenicity; e.g., a suspension of minerals (alum, aluminum hydroxide, or phosphate) on which antigen is adsorbed; or water-in-oil emulsion in which antigen solution is emulsified in mineral oil (Freund incomplete a.), sometimes with the inclusion of killed mycobacteria (Freund's complete a.) to further enhance antigenicity (inhibits degradation of antigen and/or causes influx of macrophages). 3. Additional therapy given to enhance or extend primary therapy's effect, as in chemotherapy's addition to a surgical regimen. 4. A treatment added to a curative treatment to prevent recurrence of clinical cancer from microscopic residual disease. [L. ad-juvo, pres. p. -juvans, to give aid to]
- Freund a. a..
- Freund complete a. water-in-oil emulsion of antigen, to which killed mycobacteria or tuberculosis bacteria are added.
- Freund incomplete a. water-in-oil emulsion of antigen, without mycobacteria.

* * *

ad·ju·vant 'aj-ə-vənt adj
1) serving to aid or contribute
2) assisting in the prevention, amelioration, or cure of disease <\adjuvant chemotherapy following surgery>
adjuvant n one that helps or facilitates: as
a) an ingredient (as in a prescription or solution) that facilitates or modifies the action of the principal ingredient <the beneficial activity of the spray is enhanced by \adjuvants>
b) something (as a drug or method) that enhances the effectiveness of a medical treatment <used chemotherapy as an \adjuvant to surgery>
c) a substance enhancing the immune response to an antigen

* * *

n.
any substance used in conjunction with another to enhance its activity. Aluminium salts are used as adjuvants in the preparation of vaccines from the toxins of diphtheria and tetanus: by keeping the toxins in precipitated form, the salts increase the efficacy of the toxins as antigens.

* * *

ad·ju·vant (ajґə-vənt) (ă-jooґvənt) [L. adjuvans aiding] 1. assisting or aiding. 2. a substance that aids another, such as an auxiliary remedy. 3. in immunology, a nonspecific stimulator of the immune response, such as BCG vaccine.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • adjuvant — [ adʒyvɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1834; adj. « qui aide, auxiliaire » 1560; lat. adjuvans, p. prés. de adjuvare « aider » 1 ♦ Médicament, traitement auxiliaire, destiné à renforcer ou compléter la médication principale. ♢ Par anal. Produit que l on ajoute à un …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • adjuvant — adjuvánt s. n., pl. adjuvánte Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  adjuvánt adj. m., pl. adjuvánţi; f. sg. adjuvántă, pl. adjuvánte …   Dicționar Român

  • adjuvant — adjuvant, ante (a dju van, van t ) adj. 1°   Qui aide, auxiliaire. 2°   En termes de pharmacie, un médicament adjuvant, ou subst. m. un adjuvant, médicament qu on fait entrer dans une formule pour seconder l action de celui qu on regarde comme… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Adjuvant — Ad ju*vant, a. [L. adjuvans, p. pr. of adjuvare to aid: cf. F. adjuvant. See {Aid}.] Helping; helpful; assisting. [R.] Adjuvant causes. Howell. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adjuvant — Ad ju*vant ([a^]d j[ u]*vant), n. [L. adjuvamentum, fr. adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] 1. (Immunology) A substance added to an immunogenic agent to enhance the production of antibodies. Stedman. [PJC] 2. A substance added to a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adjuvant — Ad ju*vant, n. 1. An assistant. [R.] Yelverton. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adjuvant — adjuvant. См. адъювант. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Adjuvánt — (lat.), Gehilfe, s. Hilfslehrer …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • adjuvant — I adjective accessory, aiding, ancillary, assistant, assisting, auxiliary, cooperative, helpful, helping, ministerial, obliging, serving, subservient, subsidiary II noun acolyte, adjutant, aid, aide de camp, ancillary, assistant, attendant,… …   Law dictionary

  • adjuvant — adjùvant m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. v. adjutor 2. a. ono što pomaže da se poboljšaju svojstva čega drugoga (o nekim materijalima, spojevima i sl.) b. onaj koji pomaže djelovanje drugoga (o lijekovima i sl.) ETIMOLOGIJA vidi adjutum …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • adjuvant — adj *auxiliary, contributory, ancillary, accessory, subsidiary, subservient Analogous words: aiding, helping, assisting (see HELP vb): supporting, upholding, backing (see SUPPORT vb): *effective, efficient, efficacious, effectual Antonyms:… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”