Adrenal cortex
The outer portion of the adrenal gland located on top of each kidney. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones which regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism and mineralocorticoid hormones which regulate salt and water balance in the body. Underfunction of the adrenal cortex results in Addison disease while overfunction occurs in the adrenogenital syndrome and in Cushing syndrome.

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cortex of adrenal gland c. glandulae suprarenalis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adrenal cortex — Layers of cortex. Latin cortex glandulae suprarenalis Gray s …   Wikipedia

  • adrenal cortex — The outer part of the adrenal gland (a small organ on top of each kidney). The adrenal cortex makes androgen and corticosteroid hormones …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • adrenal cortex — noun the cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes corticosterone and sex hormones • Hypernyms: ↑cortex, ↑endocrine gland, ↑endocrine, ↑ductless gland • Part Holonyms: ↑adrenal gland, ↑adrenal, ↑suprarenal gland …   Useful english dictionary

  • adrenal cortex — noun The outer portion of the adrenal glands that produces hormones essential to homeostasis …   Wiktionary

  • adrenal cortex — outer layer of the adrenal glands …   English contemporary dictionary

  • adrenal cortex —    The outer covering of the two adrenal glands that lie atop each kidney. Embryonically derived from gonad tissue, they make steroid hormones that control electrolytes, the management of fuels, the rate of anabolism, the general response to… …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • fetal zone of adrenal cortex — the inner zone of the primordial adrenal cortex and that of the fetus and newborn; it begins involuting shortly after birth. See also definitive z. of adrenal cortex. Called also fetal adrenal cortex and provisional cortex …   Medical dictionary

  • definitive zone of adrenal cortex — the smaller outer zone of the primordial adrenal cortex and that of the fetus and newborn; this part develops into the zona fasciculata and zona glomerulosa. See also fetal z. of adrenal cortex …   Medical dictionary

  • adenoma of the adrenal cortex — adrenocortical adenoma a benign tumor of the adrenal cortex, usually small and unilateral; most types cause endocrine symptoms. See cortisol producing a., aldosterone producing a., feminizing tumor, and virilizing tumor …   Medical dictionary

  • fetal adrenal cortex — fetal zone of adrenal cortex …   Medical dictionary

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