Cortisol
The primary stress hormone. Cortisol is the major natural GLUCOCORTICOID (GC) in humans.
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cor·ti·sol 'kȯrt-ə-.sȯl, -.zȯl, -.sōl, -.zōl n a glucocorticoid C21H30O5 produced by the adrenal cortex upon stimulation by ACTH that mediates various metabolic processes (as gluconeogenesis), has anti-inflammatory and immunosupressive properties, and whose levels in the blood may become elevated in response to physical or psychological stress called also hydrocortisone

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n.
a steroid hormone: the major glucocorticoid synthesized and released by the human adrenal cortex (see corticosteroid). It is important for normal carbohydrate metabolism and for the normal response to any stress. See also hydrocortisone.

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cor·ti·sol (korґtĭ-sol) the major natural glucocorticoid synthesized in the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex; it affects the metabolism of glucose, protein, and fats and has appreciable mineralocorticoid activity. It also regulates the immune system and affects many other functions. When used as a pharmaceutical, it is usually referred to as hydrocortisone. For therapeutic uses, see hydrocortisone.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • cortisol — n. a steroid hormone ({C21H30O5}) active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism; called also {hydrocortisone}. It is used in medicine as an antiinflammatory agent Syn: hydrocortisone. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cortisol — Hormona esteroidea que existe de forma natural en el cuerpo y que se fabrica sintéticamente para uso farmacológico. Se emplea como agente antiinflamatorio. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A.… …   Diccionario médico

  • Cortisol — Cortisol, zu den ⇒ Glucocorticoiden gehörendes Steroidhormon …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • Cortisol — vgl. Kortisol. Cortison vgl. Kortison …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • cortisol — hydrocortisone, 1953, from CORTISONE (Cf. cortisone) + ol …   Etymology dictionary

  • cortisol — [kôrt′ə sôl΄, kôrt′əsōl΄] n. [ CORTISONE + OL1] HYDROCORTISONE …   English World dictionary

  • Cortisol — Not to be confused with cortisone, a similar compound with a similar name, genesis, and function. Cortisol Systematic (IUPAC …   Wikipedia

  • Cortisol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Hydrocortison Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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