Cough
A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs typically in order to clear the lung airways of fluids, mucus, or material. Also called tussis.
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1. A sudden explosive forcing of air through the glottis, occurring immediately on opening the previously closed glottis, excited by mechanical or chemical irritation of the trachea or bronchi or by pressure from adjacent structures. 2. To force air through the glottis by a series of expiratory efforts. [echoic]
- aneurysmal c. c. due to impingement of an aortic aneurysm on the recurrent laryngeal nerve or other nearby structures.
- brassy c. loud metallic barking c. associated with subglottic edema.
- habit c. a persistent c. due to a tic or to psychological causes.
- privet c. an allergic c., occurring in China during May and June, supposed to be caused by inhalation of the pollen of a species of privet (Lingustrum); it is analogous to the laurel fever seen in New England.
- reflex c. a c. excited reflexly by irritation in some distant part, as the ear or the stomach.
- weaver's c. term for c., dyspnea, and sense of constriction of the chest, caused in persons working with mildewed yarns.
- whooping c. SYN: pertussis.

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cough 'kȯf vi to expel air from the lungs suddenly with an explosive noise usu. in a series of efforts vt to expel by coughing often used with up <\cough up mucus>
cough n
1) an ailment manifesting itself by frequent coughing <he has a bad \cough>
2) an explosive expulsion of air from the lungs acting as a protective mechanism to clear the air passages or as a symptom of pulmonary disturbance

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(kawf) 1. a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs, usually produced to keep the airways of the lungs free of foreign matter; see also under reflex. Called also tussis. 2. to produce such an expulsion of air.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cough — A young boy coughing due to pertussis (Whooping Cough). ICD 10 R05 ICD …   Wikipedia

  • Cough — Cough, n. [Cg. D. kuch. See {Cough}, v. i. ] 1. A sudden, noisy, and violent expulsion of air from the chest, caused by irritation in the air passages, or by the reflex action of nervous or gastric disorder, etc. [1913 Webster] 2. The more or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cough — Cough, v. t. 1. To expel from the lungs or air passages by coughing; followed by up; as, to cough up phlegm. [1913 Webster] 2. To bring to a specified state by coughing; as, he coughed himself hoarse. [1913 Webster] {To cough down}, to silence or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cough — (k?f), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Coughed} (k?ft); p. pr. & vb. n. {Coughing}.] [Cf. D. kuchen, MHG. k?chen to breathe, G. keuchen to pant, and E. chincough, the first part of which is prob. akin to cough; cf. also E. choke.] To expel air, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cough — [kɒf ǁ kɒːf] verb cough something → up phrasal verb [intransitive, transitive] informal to pay money unwillingly: • Grumman finally coughed up $40 million in settlement of the legal claims against it. • We ll get a new TV as soon as the insurance …   Financial and business terms

  • cough up — (something) 1. to allow an opponent to take the lead in a competition. Sele got a 3 0 lead in the second inning but then coughed it up in the third. 2. to pay money unwillingly. I had to cough up $35 for administration fees. Martinez s lawyers… …   New idioms dictionary

  • cough — [kôf] vi. [ME coughen, akin to MDu cuchen, to cough, Ger keuchen, to gasp] 1. to expel air suddenly and noisily from the lungs through the glottis, either as the result of an involuntary muscular spasm in the throat or to clear the air passages 2 …   English World dictionary

  • cough — [n] expelled air with sound ahem, bark, cold, croup, frog in throat*, hack, hem, tickle in throat*, whoop; concepts 65,316 cough [v] expelling air with sound bark, choke, clear throat, convulse, expectorate, hack, hawk, hem, spit up, vomit,… …   New thesaurus

  • cough — ► VERB 1) expel air from the lungs with a sudden sharp sound. 2) (of an engine) make a sudden harsh noise. 3) (cough up) informal give (something, especially money) reluctantly. 4) Brit. informal reveal information; confess. ► NOUN 1) a …   English terms dictionary

  • cough — (v.) early 14c., coughen, probably in O.E., but not recorded, from P.Gmc. *kokh (with the rough kh of German or of Scottish loch; Cf. M.Du. kochen, M.H.G. kuchen). Onomatopoeic. Related: Coughed; coughing. As a noun from c.1300 …   Etymology dictionary

  • cough — cough1 [ kaf ] verb * 1. ) intransitive to force air up through your throat with a sudden noise, especially when you have a cold or when you want to get someone s attention: My chest felt painful, and I was coughing uncontrollably. a ) cough or… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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