Cranial nerves
Nerves that emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium), as opposed to the spinal nerves which emerge from the vertebral column. Cranial nerves come directly from the brain through the skull. There are 12 cranial nerves each of which is accorded a Roman numeral and a name: Cranial nerve I: The olfactory nerve, Cranial nerve II: the optic nerve, Cranial nerve III: the occulomotor nerve, Cranial nerve IV: the trochlear nerve, Cranial nerve V: the trigeminal nerve, Cranial nerve VI: the abducent nerve, Cranial nerve VII: the facial nerve, Cranial nerve VIII: the vestibulocochlear nerve, Cranial nerve IX: the glossopharyngeal nerve, Cranial nerve X:the vagus nerve, Cranial nerve XI: the accessory nerve, and Cranial nerve XII: the hypoglossal nerve. The cranial nerves are nerves of the brain.

* * *

the 12 pairs of nerves that arise directly from the brain and leave the skull through separate apertures; they are conventionally given Roman numbers, as follows: I olfactory nerve; II optic; III oculomotor; IV trochlear nerve; V trigeminal nerve; VI abducens nerve; VII facial nerve; VIII vestibulocochlear nerve; IX glossopharyngeal nerve; X vagus nerve; XI accessory nerve; XII hypoglossal nerve. Compare <

* * *

nervi craniales.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cranial nerves — are nerves that emerge directly from the brain stem in contrast to spinal nerves which emerge from segments of the spinal cord. Although thirteen cranial nerves in humans fit this description, twelve are conventionally recognized. The nerves from …   Wikipedia

  • cranial nerves — the 12 pairs of nerves that arise directly from the brain and leave the skull through separate apertures; they are conventionally given Roman numbers, as follows: I olfactory; II optic; III oculomotor; IV trochlear; V trigeminal; VI abducens; VII …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • cranial nerves — plural noun Anatomy the twelve pairs of nerves which arise directly from the brain and pass through separate apertures in the skull …   English new terms dictionary

  • cranial nerves — *** The following format is used: Nerve Motor (M) or Sensory (S) Origin Function 0 Terminal (Preoptic) S Telencephalon; ventral border of olfactory bulb Smell? and sensory endings of snout I Olfactory S Telencephalon; anterior end of olfactory… …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • List of mnemonics for the cranial nerves — As the list is important to keep in mind during the examination of the nervous system, there are many mnemonic devices in circulation to help remember the names and order of the cranial nerves. Following is a list of such mnemonics:* OLd OPie… …   Wikipedia

  • Черепные нервы (cranial nerves) — Ч. н. отличаются от др. нервов тем, что они выходят из черепа или отходят прямо от головного мозга (точнее, от его ствола). Зачастую бывает так, что чел. обнаруживает отклонения в поведении, к рые могли бы быть диагностированы как психол., хотя… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Нервы Черепные, Нервы Черепно-Мозговые (Cranial Nerves) — 12 пар нервов, отходящих непосредственно от головного мозга и выходящие из полости черепа через отдельные отверстия; традиционно, в соответствии с римской системой исчисления, они нумеруются следующим образом: I обонятельный; II зрительный; III… …   Медицинские термины

  • Nerves, cranial — Nerves that emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium), as opposed to the spinal nerves which emerge from the vertebral column. Cranial nerves come directly from the brain through the skull. There are 12 cranial nerves each of which is accorded …   Medical dictionary

  • Cranial nerve disease — Classification and external resources Cranial nerves ICD 10 G …   Wikipedia

  • Cranial nerve zero — Latin nervus terminalis Code TA A14.2.01.002 The terminal nerve, or cranial nerve zero, was discovered by German scientist Gustav Fritsch in 1878 in the brains of sharks. It was first found in humans in 1913 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”