endothelium

endothelium
A layer of flat cells lining especially blood and lymphatic vessels and the heart. [endo- + G. thele, nipple]
- e. of anterior chamber [TA] a single layer of large, squamous cells that covers the posterior surface of the cornea. SYN: e. posterius corneae [TA], e. camerae anterioris.
- e. camerae anterioris SYN: e. of anterior chamber.
- e. posterius corneae [TA] SYN: e. of anterior chamber.

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en·do·the·li·um .en-də-'thē-lē-əm n, pl -lia -lē-ə an epithelium of mesoblastic origin composed of a single layer of thin flattened cells that lines internal body cavities (as the serous cavities or the interior of the heart)

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n.
the single layer of cells that lines the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels. It is derived from embryonic mesoderm. The corneal endothelium is the innermost layer of the cornea. Compare epithelium.

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en·do·the·li·um (en″do-theґle-əm) pl. endotheґlia [endo- + Gr. thēlē nipple] the layer of epithelial cells that lines the interior of structures such as the cavities of the heart, the lumina of blood and lymph vessels, and the serous cavities of the body; it originates from the mesoderm. endothelial adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Endothelium — Endothélium L endothélium vasculaire est la couche la plus interne des vaisseaux sanguins, celle en contact avec le sang. Sommaire 1 Structure 2 Fonction 3 Spécialisation de l endothélium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • endothélium — * * * endothélium [ ɑ̃dɔteljɔm ] n. m. • 1878; de endo et rad. de épithélium ♦ Anat. Couche de cellules épithéliales qui tapisse l intérieur des parois du cœur et des vaisseaux. * * * ● endothélium nom masculin Fine couche de cellules tapissant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Endothelium — En do*the li*um, n.; pl. {Endothelia}. [NL., fr. Gr. e ndon within + ? nipple.] (Anat.) The thin epithelium lining the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities. See {Epithelium}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Endothelĭum — (griech.), s. Epithelium …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Endothelium — Endothelĭum (grch.), feine zarte Haut auf der Innenfläche der Blutgefäße und Körperhöhlen; endotheliāl, mit dem E. zusammenhängend, von ihm ausgehend; Endotheliōm, geschwulstartige Neubildung des E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Endothelium — vgl. Endothel …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Endothélium — L endothélium vasculaire est la couche la plus interne des vaisseaux sanguins, celle en contact avec le sang. Sommaire 1 Structure 2 Fonction 3 Spécialisation de l endothélium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Endothelium — The endothelium is the thin layer of cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall. Endothelial cells line the entire circulatory system, from… …   Wikipedia

  • endothelium — n. the single layer of cells that lines the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels. It is derived from embryonic mesoderm. The corneal endothelium is the innermost layer of the cornea. Compare: epithelium Derivatives: endothelial adj …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • endothelium — noun (plural endothelia) Etymology: New Latin, from end + thelium (as in epithelium) Date: 1872 1. an epithelium of mesodermal origin composed of a single layer of thin flattened cells that lines internal body cavities and the lumens of vessels 2 …   New Collegiate Dictionary