Dextrose
Better known today as glucose, this sugar is the chief source of energy in the body. Glucose is chemically considered a simple sugar. It is the main sugar that the body manufactures. The body makes glucose from all three elements of food, protein, fat and carbohydrates, but in largest part from carbohydrates. Glucose serves as the major source of energy for living cells. It is carried to each cell through the bloodstream. The cells cannot, however, use the glucose without the help of insulin. When sampled in blood, glucose is tested in transit.
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dex·trose 'dek-.strōs, -.strōz n dextrorotatory glucose called also grape sugar

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n.

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dex·trose (dekґstrōs) chemical name: D-glucose monohydrate. A monosaccharide known as glucose (q.v.) in biochemistry and physiology. The official preparation [USP] is usually obtained by the hydrolysis of starch; it is used chiefly as a fluid and nutrient replenisher, usually administered by intravenous infusion. It is also used as a diuretic and alone or in combination with other agents for various other clinical purposes.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dextrose — [ dɛkstroz ] n. m. • 1878; de dextr(o) et 1. ose ♦ Glucose. ● dextrose nom masculin Synonyme vieilli de glucose. ● dextrose (synonymes) nom masculin Synonymes : glucose …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dextrose — Dex trose (d[e^]ks tr[=o]s ), n. [See {Dexter}.] (Chem.) A sirupy, or white crystalline, variety of sugar, {C6H12O6} (so called from turning the plane of polarization to the right), occurring in many ripe fruits, and also called {glucose}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dextrose — dextrose. См. декстроза. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Dextrose — Dextrose, soviel wie Traubenzucker …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dextrose — Dextrose, ältere Bezeichnung für den Traubenzucker, durch die derselbe als die Ebene des polarisierten Lichtstrahles nach rechts drehend von dem linksdrehenden Fruchtzucker, der Lävulose, unterschieden wurde. Heute ist dieser Name nur noch wenig… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Dextrose — Dextrōse, s.v.w. Traubenzucker …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dextrose — Dextrose,die:⇨Traubenzucker …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • dextrose — 1867, shortened from dextro glucose, from comb. form of L. dexter right (see DEXTERITY (Cf. dexterity)) + ose, chemical suffix indicating a sugar. So called because this form of glucose polarizes light to the right in spectroscopy …   Etymology dictionary

  • dextrose — [deks′trōs΄] n. [ DEXTR + OSE2] a right handed form of glucose found in plants and animals and in the human blood, and made by the hydrolysis of starch with acids or enzymes …   English World dictionary

  • Dextrose — Glucose Glucose Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • dextrose — Glucose Glu cose , n. [Gr. ? sweet. Cf. {Glycerin}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A variety of sugar occurring in nature very abundantly, as in ripe grapes, and in honey, and produced in great quantities from starch, etc., by the action of heat and acids.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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