Diaphragmatic hernia
Passage of a loop of bowel through the diaphragm muscle. This type of hernia occurs as the bowel from the abdomen "herniates" upward through the diaphragm into the chest (thoracic) cavity. Diaphragmatic hernias may be congenital or acquired. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are present at birth. They occur because of abnormal development of the embryo. Acquired diaphragmatic hernias are usually caused by traumatic injury. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias most often occur to the back and sides of the diaphragm (more often on the left side than the right). Herniation in the front of the diaphragm is rare. Diaphragmatic hernias can lead to protrusion of bowels into the chest cavity. Abnormal development of bowels and other organs may be associated and collapse of portions of the lungs can occur. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias generally require surgical correction as ultimate treatment. Acquired diaphragmatic hernias may require operation, depending on the size and symptoms.

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herniation of abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax. Cf. hiatal h.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia — Infobox Disease Name = Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia Caption = An X ray showing the spleen in the left lower portion of the chest cavity (X and arrow) after a diaphragmatic tearcite journal |author=Hariharan D, Singhal R, Kinra S, Chilton A… …   Wikipedia

  • congenital diaphragmatic hernia — congenital protrusion of abdominal viscera into the thorax through an opening in the diaphragm resulting from defective development of the pleuroperitoneal membrane; it often leads to fatal pulmonary hypoplasia. The most common types are… …   Medical dictionary

  • Hernia — Classification and external resources Frontal chest X ray showing a hernia of Morgagni ICD 10 K …   Wikipedia

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  • Hernia — A general term referring to a protrusion of a tissue through the wall of the cavity in which it is normally contained. More specifically, a hernia often refers to an opening or weakness in the muscular structure of the wall of the abdomen. This… …   Medical dictionary

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  • diaphragmatic — Relating to a diaphragm. SYN: phrenic (1). * * * di·a·phrag·mat·ic .dī ə frə(g) mat ik, .frag adj of, involving, or resembling a diaphragm <diaphragmatic hernia> * * * di·a·phrag·mat·ic (di″ə frag matґik) 1. pertaining to or of… …   Medical dictionary

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