experiment
1. A study in which the investigator intentionally alters one or more factors under controlled conditions in order to study the effects of doing so. 2. In nuclear magnetic resonance, the term applied to a pulse sequence. [L. experimentum, fr. experior, to test, try]
- Carr-Purcell e. in magnetic resonance, the multiple spin echo technique.
- control e. an e. used to check another, to verify the result, or to demonstrate what would have occurred had the factor under study been omitted. SEE ALSO: control, control animal.
- delayed reaction e. a method of measuring memory : a stimulus is presented and removed before the organism is permitted to respond to it; the interval during which the stimulus is absent, providing the organism responds correctly, is an indication of the length of memory.
- double blind e. an e. conducted with neither experimenter nor subjects knowing which e. is the control; prevents bias in recording results. SEE ALSO: double-masked e..
- double-masked e. a double-blind study conducted so neither the subject nor the observer knows the identity of the control or variable.
- factorial experiments an experimental design in which two or more series of treatments are tried in all combinations.
- hertzian experiments experiments demonstrating that electromagnetic induction is propagated in waves, analogous to waves of light but not affecting the retina.
- Mariotte e. an e. in which one looks fixedly with one eye (the other being closed), at a black dot on a card, on which is also marked a black cross; as the card is moved to or from the eye, at a certain distance the cross becomes invisible but appears again as the card is moved further; this proves the absence of photoreceptors where the optic nerve enters the eye.
- pulse-chase e. an e. in which an enzyme, a metabolic pathway, a culture of cells, etc., interacts with a brief addition (pulse) of a labeled compound followed by its removal and replacement (chase) by an excess of unlabeled compound.
- Scheiner e. a demonstration of accommodation; through two minute holes in a card, separated from each other by less than the diameter of the pupil, one looks at a pin; at a short distance from the eye the pin appears double; as it is moved from the eye a point is found where it appears single, and beyond which it remains single for the emmetropic eye, but for the myopic eye it soon again becomes double.

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ex·per·i·ment ik-'sper-ə-məntalso -'spir- n
1) a procedure carried out under controlled conditions in order to discover an unknown effect or law, to test or establish a hypothesis, or to illustrate a known law
2) the process of testing: EXPERIMENTATION
ex·per·i·ment -.ment vi to carry out experiments
ex·per·i·men·ta·tion ik-.sper-ə-mən-'tā-shən, -.men-also -.spir- n
ex·per·i·ment·er -'sper-ə-.ment-əralso -'spir- n

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ex·per·i·ment (ek-sperґĭ-mənt) [L. experimentum proof from experience] a procedure done in order to discover or to demonstrate some fact or general truth.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • experiment — EXPERIMÉNT, experimente, s.n. Procedeu de cercetare în ştiinţă, care constă în provocarea intenţionată a unor fenomene în condiţiile cele mai propice pentru studierea lor şi a legilor care le guvernează; observaţie provocată, experienţă (2). –… …   Dicționar Român

  • Experiment — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. experīmentum, einer Ableitung von l. experīrī (expertus) versuchen . Im 16. Jh. medizinischer Terminus ( erprobte Arznei ); dann Ausdruck der Philosophie für eine Art der Erfahrung; im 17. Jh.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Experiment — Ex*per i*ment ([e^]ks*p[e^]r [i^]*ment), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Experimented}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Experinenting}.] To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Experiment — Ex*per i*ment, n. [L. experimentum, fr. experiri to try: cf. OF. esperiment, experiment. See {Experience}.] 1. A trial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something uncertain; esp., one under controlled conditions determined by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Experiment — Experiment, GA U.S. Census Designated Place in Georgia Population (2000): 3233 Housing Units (2000): 1259 Land area (2000): 3.040371 sq. miles (7.874524 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.040371… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • experiment — experiment, experimental design, experimental method See control (experimental) ; control group ; experimenter effects ; field experiment ; natural experiment …   Dictionary of sociology

  • experiment — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. esperment practical knowledge, cunning, enchantment; trial, proof, example, lesson, from L. experimentum a trial, test, proof, experiment, noun of action from experiri to test, try (see EXPERIENCE (Cf. experience)). The… …   Etymology dictionary

  • experiment — [n] investigation, test agreement, analysis, assay, attempt, check, dissection, dry run*, enterprise, essay, examination, exercise, experimentation, fling*, measure, observation, operation, practice, probe, procedure, proof, quiz, R and D*,… …   New thesaurus

  • Experiment — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Auch: • Versuch Bsp.: • Ihr Experiment gelang …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • experiment — ► NOUN 1) a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact. 2) a course of action tentatively adopted without being sure of the outcome. ► VERB 1) perform a scientific experiment. 2) try out… …   English terms dictionary

  • experiment — [ek sper′ə mənt, iksper′ə mənt; ] also, & for v.usually [, ek sper′əment; ik sper′ə ment; ] often [, ekspir′ə ment, ik spir′ə ment] n. [ME < OFr < L experimentum, a trial, test < experiri: see PERIL] 1. a test or trial of something;… …   English World dictionary

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