Dystocia
Difficult/abnormal labor or delivery. From the Greek "dys" meaning "difficult, painful, disordered, abnormal" + "tokos" meaning "birth."
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Difficult childbirth. [G. dystokia, fr. dys-, difficult, + tokos, childbirth]
- arrest of active phase d. stoppage of further cervical dilation for longer than 2 hours after labor has entered active phase (generally defined as active contraction with at least 4 cm of cervical dilatation); causes include inadequate uterine contractions and cephalopelvic disproportion.
- arrest of descent d. failure of fetus to descend after an hour in second stage despite maternal effort; typically due to inadequate maternal effort, fetal malposition, or fetal size.
- fetal d. d. due to an abnormality of the fetus.
- maternal d. d. caused by an abnormality or physical problem in the mother.
- placental d. retention or difficult delivery of the placenta.
- shoulder d. arrest of normal labor after delivery of the head by impaction of the anterior shoulder against the symphysis pubis.

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dys·to·cia dis-'tō-sh(ē-)ə or dys·to·kia -'tō-kē-ə n slow or difficult labor or delivery compare EUTOCIA

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n.
difficult birth, caused by abnormalities in the fetus or the mother. The most common causes of fetal dystocia are excessive size or malpresentation of the baby. Maternal dystocia may result if the pelvis is abnormally small, the uterine muscles fail to contract, or the neck of the uterus fails to expand. If the cause of dystocia cannot be eliminated, it may be necessary to deliver the baby by Caesarean section or to operate in such a way that it can be removed with the minimum possible risk to the mother.

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dys·to·cia (dis-toґshə) [dys- + toc- + -ia] abnormal or difficult labor.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dystocia — Classification and external resources DiseasesDB 4025 eMedicine med/3280 MeSH …   Wikipedia

  • Dystocia — Dys*to ci*a, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; dys ill, hard + to kos delivery.] (Med.) Difficult delivery pr parturition. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dystocia — n. difficult birth, caused by abnormalities in the fetus or the mother. The most common causes of fetal dystocia are excessive size (see macrosomia) or malpresentation of the baby. Maternal dystocia may result if the pelvis is abnormally small,… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • dystocia — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Greek dystokia, from dys + tokos childbirth; akin to Greek tiktein to give birth to more at thane Date: circa 1706 slow or difficult labor or delivery …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • dystocia — noun A slow or difficult labour or delivery …   Wiktionary

  • dystocia — n. abnormally difficult labor or childbirth (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • dystocia — [dɪs təʊʃə] noun Medicine difficulty in giving birth. Origin C18: from Gk dustokia, from dus difficult + tokos childbirth …   English new terms dictionary

  • dystocia — dys·to·cia …   English syllables

  • dystocia — /dɪsˈtoʊkiə/ (say dis tohkeeuh) noun slow or difficult labour or delivery. Also, dystokia. {Greek dystokia} …   Australian English dictionary

  • dystocia —   n. difficult childbirth.    ♦ dystocial, a …   Dictionary of difficult words

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