Echovirus
A group of viruses found in the gastrointestinal tract. The "echo" part of the name stands for enteric cytopathic human orphan viruses. "Orphan" implied that they were viruses not associated with any disease. However, it is now known that echoviruses can cause a number of different diseases including rashes, diarrhea, respiratory infections (the common cold, sore throat, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis), myositis (muscle inflammation), meningitis, encephalitis, and pericarditis (inflammation of the membrane around the heart).
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SYN: ECHO virus.

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echo·vi·rus 'ek-ō-.vī-rəs n any of numerous serotypes of a picornavirus of the genus Enterovirus (species Human enterovirus B) that are closely related to the coxsackieviruses, are found in the gastrointestinal tract, cause cytopathic changes in cells in tissue culture, and are sometimes associated with respiratory ailments and meningitis

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n.
one of a group of about 30 RNA-containing viruses, originally isolated from the human intestinal tract, that were found to produce pathological changes in cells grown in culture, although they were not clearly associated with any specific disease. These viruses - which were accordingly termed enteric cytopathic human orphan viruses - are now more commonly known as Coxsackie virus. Compare reovirus.

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echo·vi·rus (ekґo-vi″rəs) [enteric cytopathic human orphan + virus] any of numerous species and strains of the family Picornaviridae, some of which cause aseptic meningitis or a febrile rash; they have now been renamed and assigned to the genera Enterovirus and Parechovirus. echoviral adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Echovirus — Echovirus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Echovirus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Echovirus Clasificación de los virus Grupo: IV (Virus ARN monocatenario positivo) F …   Wikipedia Español

  • échovirus — ● échovirus nom masculin (de l anglais enteric cytopathic human orphan, et virus) Virus du groupe des entérovirus, agent chez l homme de méningites, d infections respiratoires ou intestinales, d éruptions cutanées ou de fièvres isolées …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • echovirus — also ECHO virus, 1955, acronym for enteric cytopathogenic human orphan; orphan because when discovered they were not known to cause any disease …   Etymology dictionary

  • echovirus — [ek′ō vī΄rəs] n. any of a group of enteroviruses that includes viruses which cause mild forms of meningitis, gastroenteritis, etc., and others which appear to be asymptomatic …   English World dictionary

  • Echovirus — Taxobox name = Echovirus virus group = iv familia = Picornaviridae genus = Enterovirus species = Human enterovirus B subdivision ranks = Subtype subdivision = Echovirus An echovirus is a type of RNA virus that belongs to the genus Enterovirus of… …   Wikipedia

  • Echovirus — Echovirus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • echovirus — noun Etymology: enteric cytopathogenic human orphan + virus Date: 1955 any of numerous serotypes of an enterovirus (species Human enterovirus B) found in the gastrointestinal tract that cause cytopathic changes in cells in tissue culture and are… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • echovirus — /ek oh vuy reuhs/, n., pl. echoviruses. any of numerous retroviruses of the picornavirus group, some harmless and others associated with various human disorders, as aseptic meningitis. Also, echo virus, ECHO virus. [1950 55; echo (acronym from… …   Universalium

  • echovirus — noun An RNA virus of the Enterovirus genus of the Picornaviridae family, found in the gastrointestinal tract …   Wiktionary

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