Edwards syndrome
This is trisomy 18 syndrome. There are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have low birth weight, small head (microcephaly), small jaw (micrognathia), malformations of the heart and kidneys, clenched fists with abnormal finger positioning, and malformed feet. The mental retardation is profound with the IQ too low to even test. Nineteen out of 20 (95%) of these children die before their first birthday. The condition is named after the British physician and geneticist John Edwards who discovered the extra chromosome in 1960.

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Ed·wards syndrome 'ed-wərdz- n trisomy 18
Edwards John Hilton (b 1928)
British geneticist. Edwards served as professor of human genetics at Birmingham University from 1969 to 1979 and at Oxford University from 1979 to 1995. He was the author of Human Genetics (1978) as well as numerous papers on a variety of topics in the field. His discovery of trisomy 18 in 1960 led to the association of his name with the syndrome.

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Ed·wards syndrome (edґwərdz) [J.H. Edwards, British physician, 20th century] trisomy 18 syndrome.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edwards syndrome — Edwards syndrome. См. синдром Эдвардса. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Edwards syndrome — Infobox Disease Name = Trisomy 18 Caption = Chromosome 18 DiseasesDB = 13378 ICD10 = ICD10|Q|91|0|q|90 ICD10|Q|91|3|q|90 ICD9 = ICD9|758.2 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = ped eMedicineTopic = 652 MeshID = Trisomy 18 or Edwards… …   Wikipedia

  • Edwards' syndrome — a condition resulting from a genetic abnormality in which an extra chromosome is present there are three no. 18 chromosomes instead of the usual two. Affected babies, who rarely survive, have a characteristic abnormally shaped head, low birth… …   Medical dictionary

  • Edwards syndrome — extra chromosome 18 material resulting in elongated skull, ears set low, recessed chin and premature death (named for John H Edwards) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Edwards' syndrome — a condition resulting from a genetic abnormality in which an extra chromosome is present – there are three no. 18 chromosomes instead of the usual two. Affected babies, who rarely survive, have a characteristic abnormally shaped head, low birth… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Синдром Эдвард Са (Edwards ' Syndrome) — состояние но ворожденного ребенка, характеризующееся множественными врожденными пороками развития, в том числе олигофренией; возникает в результате трисомии хромосомы № 18. Источник: Медицинский словарь …   Медицинские термины

  • Edwards — may refer to:People: See Edwards (surname) * Edwards family, a prominent family from ChilePlacesAustralia*Edwards Beach, New South Wales *Edwards Islet, TasmaniaUnited States*Edwards, Arkansas *Edwards, California *Edwards, Colorado *Edwards,… …   Wikipedia

  • Syndrome, trisomy 18 — There are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have low birth weight, small head… …   Medical dictionary

  • Edwards-Syndrom — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 Q91.0 Trisomie 18, meiotische Non disjunction Q91.1 Trisomie 18, Mosaik (mitotische Non disjunction) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Syndrome d'Edwards — Trisomie 18 Le syndrome d’Edwards, aussi appelé trisomie 18, est une maladie chromosomique congénitale provoquée par la présence d un chromosome surnuméraire pour la 18e paire. Ce syndrome malformatif entraîne la plupart du temps une mort précoce …   Wikipédia en Français

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