- Epidemic hemorrhagic fever
- A number of diseases characterized by an abrupt onset of high fever and chills, headache, cold and cough, and pain in the muscles, joints and abdomen with nausea and vomiting followed by bleeding into the kidney and elsewhere. Known also as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Many arboviruses (including those in the families Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, Filoviridae, and Bunyaviridae) and the Hantaviruses, spread by rodents or biting insects, can cause epidemic hemorrhagic fever. The Ebola virus is a notorious cause of epidemic hemorrhagic fever. Bioterrorism — There has been concern about the hemorrhagic fever as a possible weapon for bioterrorism. However, the General Accounting Office, the investigative arm of the US Congress, in a 1999 report considered hemorrhagic fever to be an "unlikely" biologic threat for terrorism, because these viruses are very difficult to obtain and process, unsafe to handle, and relatively unstable. The lethal effects of these viruses were deemed by the GAO to depend on the strain but can be "very high."
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* * *an acute type of hemorrhagic fever occurring in epidemics in northeastern Asia, and in a milder form in Russia, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Scandinavia, and the southwestern United States. Symptoms include fever, prostration, vomiting, hemorrhagic phenomena, shock, and renal failure. It is caused by viruses of the genus Hantavirus, which are believed to be transmitted to humans by direct or indirect contact with the excreta of infected rodents. Called also Far Eastern or Korean hemorrhagic f., hemorrhagic nephrosonephritis, and hemorrhagic f. with renal syndrome.
Medical dictionary. 2011.