- The science of making things fit people instead of asking people to fit things. Ergonomics uses knowledge from anatomy, mechanics, physiology and psychology to utilize human energy most effectively. Something that is ergonomic is designed for safe, comfortable, and efficient use. For example, a computer keyboard with an ergonomic design is designed to help the user avoid the carpal tunnel syndrome and wrist pain. The word "ergonomics" was coined in 1949 by the British scientist K.F.H. Murrell who put it together from the Greek "ergon" (meaning "work") and "nomos" (meaning "law").
* * *A branch of ecology concerned with human factors in the design and operation of machines and the physical environment. [ergo- + G. nomos, law]
* * *er·go·nom·ics .ər-gə-'näm-iks n pl but sing or pl in constr an applied science concerned with the characteristics of people that need to be considered in designing things that they use in order that people and things will interact most effectively and safely called also human engineering, human factors engineeringer·go·nom·ic -ik adjer·go·nom·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv
* * *n.the study of humans in relation to their work and working surroundings. This broad science involves the application of psychological as well as physiological principles to the design of buildings, machinery, vehicles, packaging, implements, and anything else with which people come into contact.
* * *er·go·nom·ics (ur″go-nomґiks) [ergo- + Gr. nomos law] the scientific study of humans and their work, including the anatomic, physiologic, psychologic, and mechanical principles affecting the efficient use of human energy.
Medical dictionary. 2011.