Erythromycin
A common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold under many brand names, including
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A macrolide antibiotic agent obtained from cultures of a strain of Streptomyces erythraeus found in soil; it is active against Corynebacterium diphtheriae and several other species of Corynebacterium, Group A hemolytic streptococci, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Bordetella pertussis; Gram-positive bacteria are in general more susceptible to its action than are Gram-negative bacteria, although Neisseria and Brucella are susceptible to its action. Available as the estolate, ethylcarbonate, ethylsuccinate, gluceptate, lactobionate, stearate, and salts; active against Legionella and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Often used as a substitute antibiotic in penicillin-allergic patients.
- e. estolate a salt of the macrolide antibiotic, e..
- e. glucoheptonate a salt of the macrolide antibiotic, e..
- e. propionate a salt of the macrolide antibiotic, e..
- e. stearate a salt of the macrolide antibiotic, e..

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eryth·ro·my·cin i-.rith-rə-'mīs-ən n a broad-spectrum antibiotic C37H67NO13 that is produced by a bacterium of the genus Streptomyces (S. erythreus), resembles penicillin in antibacterial activity, and is effective also against amebas, treponemata, and pinworms also a preparation of the salt (as the estolate or stearate) of erythromycin see ilosone, ilotycin

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n.
an antibiotic used to treat infections caused by a wide range of bacteria and other microorganisms. It is administered by mouth or injection or topically. Side-effects are rare and mild, though nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea occur occasionally. Trade names: Erymax, Erythrocin.

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eryth·ro·my·cin (ə-rith″ro-miґsin) [USP] a broad-spectrum macrolide antibiotic, produced by Saccharopolyspora erythraea, effective against most gram-positive and certain gram-negative bacteria, such as Neisseria species and Haemophilus influenzae, and against spirochetes, some rickettsias, and Entamoeba; it is also highly effective against Mycoplasma pneumoniae. It is used especially in patients allergic to penicillin and in those with penicillin-resistant infections and legionnaires' disease, and is also used in the prophylaxis of neonatal conjunctivitis and ophthalmia neonatorum, and in the treatment of acne vulgaris; administered orally as well as topically to the skin or to the conjunctiva.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erythromycin — Systematic (IUPAC) name (3 …   Wikipedia

  • Erythromycin — См. Эритромицин (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • erythromycin — erythromycin. См. эритромицин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • erythromycin — ☆ erythromycin [e rith΄rō mī′sin ] n. [ ERYTHRO + MYCIN] an antibiotic, C37H67NO13, isolated from a soil bacterium ( Streptomyces erythreus), used in treating various bacterial diseases …   English World dictionary

  • Erythromycin — Strukturformel Erythromycin A Allgemeines Freiname Erythromycin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • erythromycin — General name for a variety of wide spectrum macrolide antibiotics isolated from Streptomyces erythreus. Inhibit protein synthesis by binding to the prokaryotic 50S ribosomal subunit and preventing translocation. A variety of proteins will confer… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • erythromycin — /i rith reuh muy sin/, n. Pharm. an antibiotic, C37H67NO13, produced by an actinomycete, Streptomyces erythraeus, used chiefly in the treatment of diseases caused by many Gram positive and some Gram negative organisms. [1950 55; ERYTHRO + MYCIN]… …   Universalium

  • Erythromycin — E|ry|th|ro|my|cin [nlat. Streptomyces erythreus, ein Strahlenpilz (Mikrobiol.); ↑ mycin], das; s, e: Makrolid Antibiotikum mit einem hochsubstituierten, 14gliedrigen Lactonring (Erythronolid A). * * * Erythromycin   [zu griechisch mýkēs »Pilz«]… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • erythromycin — eritromicinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Antibiotikas, turintis makrociklinį laktoninį žiedą. atitikmenys: angl. erythromycin rus. эритромицин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • erythromycin — noun Date: 1952 a broad spectrum antibiotic C37H67NO13 produced by an actinomycete (Streptomyces erythreus) and administered orally or topically …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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