External jugular vein
The more superficial of the two jugular veins situated on each side of the neck. The other is the internal jugular vein. They drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most of the blood from the outside of the skull and the deep parts of the face. It lies outside the sternocleidomastoid muscle and passes down the neck to join the subclavian vein. The internal jugular vein collects blood from the brain, the outside of the face and the neck. It runs down the inside of the neck outside the internal and common carotid arteries and unites with the subclavian vein to form the innominate vein. The jugular veins are particularly prominent during congestive heart failure. When the patient is sitting or in a semirecumbent position, the height of the jugular veins and their pulsations provides an estimate of the central venous pressure and gives important information about whether the heart is keeping up with the demands on it or is failing. The word "jugular" refers to the throat or neck. It derives from the Latin "jugulum" meaning throat or collarbone and the Latin "jugum" meaning yoke. To go for the jugular is to attack a vital part that is particularly vulnerable.

* * *

external jugular vein n JUGULAR VEIN (b) called also external jugular

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • External jugular vein — Infobox Vein Name = External jugular vein Latin = vena jugularis externa GraySubject = 168 GrayPage = 646 Caption = Veins of the head and neck. (External jugular visible at center.) Caption2 = Veins DrainsFrom = cranium, face Source = posterior… …   Wikipedia

  • external jugular vein — noun formed by the junction of the posterior auricular and the retromandibular veins; empties into the subclavian vein • Hypernyms: ↑jugular vein, ↑vena jugularis, ↑jugular * * * noun see jugular vein …   Useful english dictionary

  • external jugular vein. — See under jugular (def. 1b). * * * …   Universalium

  • external jugular vein. — See under jugular (def. 1b) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Posterior external jugular vein — Infobox Vein Name = Posterior external jugular vein Latin = v. jugularis posterior GraySubject = 168 GrayPage = 647 Caption = The vertebral vein. (Posterior external jugular labeled at center left.) Caption2 = DrainsFrom = DrainsTo = Artery =… …   Wikipedia

  • Jugular vein — The jugular veins are in the neck and drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most of the blood from the outside of the skull and the deep parts of the face. It lies… …   Medical dictionary

  • Vein, external jugular — The more superficial of the two jugular veins situated on each side of the neck. The other is the internal jugular vein. They drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most… …   Medical dictionary

  • Jugular vein, external — The more superficial of the two jugular veins in the neck that drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The external jugular vein collects most of the blood from the outside of the skull and the deep parts… …   Medical dictionary

  • Jugular vein, internal — The deeper of the two jugular veins in the neck that drain blood from the head, brain, face and neck and convey it toward the heart. The internal jugular vein collects blood from the brain, the outside of the face and the neck. It runs down the… …   Medical dictionary

  • jugular vein — noun veins in the neck that return blood from the head • Syn: ↑vena jugularis, ↑jugular • Derivationally related forms: ↑jugular • Hypernyms: ↑vein, ↑vena, ↑venous blood vessel …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”