Fallopian tube
One of the two Fallopian tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus (the womb). In the diagram, the Fallopian tubes are not labeled but are well shown running between the uterus and ovaries. The Fallopian tubes have small hair-like projections called cilia on the cells of the lining. These tubal cilia are essential to the movement of the egg through the tube into the uterus. If the tubal cilia are damaged by infection, the egg may not get 'pushed along' normally but may stay in the tube. Infection can also cause partial or complete blockage of the tube with scar tissue, physically preventing the egg from getting to the uterus. Any process (such as infection, endometriosis, tumors, or scar tissue in the pelvis (pelvic adhesions) that cause twisting or chinking of the tube) that damages the Fallopian tube or narrows its diameter increases the chance of an ectopic pregnancy: a pregnancy developing in the Fallopian tube or another abnormal location outside the uterus. These tubes bear the name of Gabriele Falloppio (also spelled Falloppia), a 16th-century (c. 1523-62) Italian physician and surgeon who was expert in anatomy, physiology and pharmacology. He was an early expert on syphilis and one of the great surgeons of the age. Of the various works by Falloppio only the "Observationes anatomicae", a work of great originality, was published during his lifetime. In it he made a number of contributions to the knowledge of centers of ossification, to the detailed account of muscles, and to the understanding of the vascular system and the kidneys. His description of the uterine tubes was sufficiently accurate that they bear his name. With Vesalius and Eustachi, Fallopio is often seen as one of the three heroes of anatomy.

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fallopian tube n, often cap F either of the pair of tubes that carry the eggs from the ovary to the uterus called also uterine tube

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either of a pair of tubes that conduct ova (egg cells) from the ovary to the uterus (see reproductive system). The ovarian end opens into the abdominal cavity via a funnel-shaped structure with finger-like projections (fimbriae) surrounding the opening. Movements of the fimbriae at ovulation assist in directing the ovum to the Fallopian tube. The ovum is fertilized near the ovarian end of the tube.
G. Fallopius (1523-63), Italian anatomist

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tuba uterina.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fallopian tube — Schematic frontal view of female anatomy …   Wikipedia

  • Fallopian tube — 1706, from Latinized form of the name of Gabriello Fallopio (1523 1562), Italian anatomist who first described them …   Etymology dictionary

  • Fallopian tube — ► NOUN Anatomy ▪ (in a female mammal) either of a pair of tubes along which eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus. ORIGIN named after the Italian anatomist Gabriello Fallopio (1523 62) …   English terms dictionary

  • fallopian tube — [fə lō′pē ən] n. [after Gabriel Fallopius (L form of Gabriello Fallopio), 1523 62, It anatomist] [also F t ] either of two slender tubes that carry ova from the ovaries to the uterus …   English World dictionary

  • fallopian tube — /feuh loh pee euhn/ one of a pair of long, slender ducts in the female abdomen that transport ova from the ovary to the uterus and, in fertilization, transport sperm cells from the uterus to the released ova; the oviduct of higher mammals. Also,… …   Universalium

  • fallopian tube — UK [fəˌləʊpɪən ˈtjuːb] / US [fəˌloʊpɪən ˈtub] noun [countable] Word forms fallopian tube : singular fallopian tube plural fallopian tubes medical one of the two tubes in a woman s body that carry eggs produced in her ovaries to her womb (= the… …   English dictionary

  • Fallopian tube — oviduct, uterine tube either of a pair of tubes that conduct ova (egg cells) from the ovary to the uterus (see reproductive system). The ovarian end opens into the abdominal cavity via a funnel shaped structure with finger like projections… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • fallopian tube — A slender tube through which eggs pass from an ovary to the uterus. In the female reproductive tract, there is one ovary and one fallopian tube on each side of the uterus …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • fallopian tube — /fəˈloʊpiən tjub/ (say fuh lohpeeuhn tyoohb) noun one of the uterine tubes, a pair of slender oviducts leading from the ovaries to the uterus, for transport and fertilisation of ova. Also, Fallopian tube. {named after Gabriello Fallopio, 1523–62 …   Australian English dictionary

  • fallopian tube — [[t]fəlo͟ʊpiən tju͟ːb, AM tu͟ːb[/t]] fallopian tubes N COUNT A woman s fallopian tubes are the two tubes in her body along which eggs pass from her ovaries to her womb …   English dictionary

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