Female gonad
The female gonad, the ovary or "egg sac", is one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. They are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries have two functions: they produce eggs (ova) and female hormones. Each month, during the menstrual cycle, an egg is released from one ovary. The egg travels from the ovary through a fallopian tube to the uterus. The ovaries are the main source of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone). These hormones control the development of female body characteristics, such as the breasts, body shape, and body hair. They also regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • XY female gonad dysgenesis — XY female gonad dysgenesis. См. синдром Суайра. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • XY female gonad dysgenesis — XY female gonad dysgenesis. = Swyer syndrome (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Gonad — A reproductive gland (ovary or testis) that produces germ cells (gametes). In embryonic life, the gonad in males and females is initially identical. This gonad is said to be indifferent before it differentiates into a definitive testis or ovary.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Gonad, female — The female gonad, the ovary or egg sac , is one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. They are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries have two functions: they… …   Medical dictionary

  • gonad — gonadal, gonadial /goh nay dee euhl/, gonadic /goh nad ik/, adj. /goh nad, gon ad/, n. Anat. a sex gland in which gametes are produced; an ovary or testis. [1875 80; < NL gonad (s. of gonas), equiv. to gon GON + ad AD1] * * * ▪ …   Universalium

  • Gonad — The gonad is the organ that makes gametes. The gonads in males are the testes and the gonads in females are the ovaries. The product, gametes, are haploid germ cells. For example, spermatozoon and egg cells are gametes. Although medically the… …   Wikipedia

  • gonad — go|nad [ˈgəunæd US ˈgou ] n [Date: 1800 1900; : Modern Latin; Origin: Greek gonos seed ] technical the male or female sex organ in which the ↑sperm or eggs are produced …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • gonad — noun (C) technical the male or female sex organ in which the sperm (1) or eggs (egg1 (3)) are produced …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • gonad — n. a male or female reproductive organ that produces the gametes. See: ovary, testis …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • gonad — /ˈgoʊnæd / (say gohnad) noun 1. the part of an animal body in which gametes are produced; in the female the ovary, in the male the testis. 2. (plural) Colloquial the testicles. {New Latin gonas, from Greek gonos offspring, seed} –gonadal… …   Australian English dictionary

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