Fever, splenic
Known also as anthrax, splenic fever is a serious bacterial infection. It is not primarily a human disease but rather an infection of animals. Cattle, sheep, horses, mules, and some wild animals are highly susceptible. Humans (and swine) are generally resistant to anthrax. Anthrax can take different forms. With the lung form of the disease. People inhale the anthrax spores and, if untreated, are likely to die. An intestinal form is caused by eating meat contaminated with anthrax. But most human anthrax comes from skin contact with animal products. Cutaneous (skin) anthrax was once well known among people who handled infected animals, like farmers, woolsorters, tanners, brushmakers and carpetmakers in the days when the brushes and carpets were animal products. The hallmark of skin anthrax is a carbuncle, a cluster of boils, that ulcerates in an ugly way. Typically this lesion has a hard black center surrounded by bright red inflammation. This accounts for its name, "anthrax", the Greek word for "coal."

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • splenic fever — noun a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people • Syn: ↑anthrax • Hypernyms: ↑zoonosis, ↑zoonotic disease * * * noun 1. or …   Useful english dictionary

  • Splenic fever — Splenic Splen ic, a. [L. splenicus, Gr. splhniko s; cf. F. spl[ e]nique.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the spleen; lienal; as, the splenic vein. [1913 Webster] {Splenic apoplexy} or {Splenic fever}. (Med.) See {Anthrax}, n., 3. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Splenic — Splen ic, a. [L. splenicus, Gr. splhniko s; cf. F. spl[ e]nique.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the spleen; lienal; as, the splenic vein. [1913 Webster] {Splenic apoplexy} or {Splenic fever}. (Med.) See {Anthrax}, n., 3. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Splenic apoplexy — Splenic Splen ic, a. [L. splenicus, Gr. splhniko s; cf. F. spl[ e]nique.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the spleen; lienal; as, the splenic vein. [1913 Webster] {Splenic apoplexy} or {Splenic fever}. (Med.) See {Anthrax}, n., 3. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Splenic fever — Known also as anthrax, splenic fever is a serious bacterial infection. It is not primarily a human disease but rather an infection of animals. Cattle, sheep, horses, mules, and some wild animals are highly susceptible. Humans (and swine) are… …   Medical dictionary

  • splenic fever — Anthrax An thrax, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? coal, carbuncle.] 1. (Med.) (a) A carbuncle. (b) A malignant pustule. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism ({Bacillus anthracis}), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Splenic disease — ICD9|289.5 ICD9|759.0 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D013158 Splenic diseases include splenomegaly, where the spleen is enlarged by various reasons. On the other hand, a lack of normal spleen function is… …   Wikipedia

  • splenic — adj. of or in the spleen. Phrases and idioms: splenic fever anthrax. Derivatives: splenoid adj. Etymology: F spleacutenique or L splenicus f. Gk splenikos (as SPLEEN) …   Useful english dictionary

  • splenic apoplexy — noun see splenic fever 1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • splenic fever — noun An old name for anthrax …   Wiktionary

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