Galton, Sir Francis
English advocate of eugenics, the idea of improving the physical and mental makeup of the human species by selective parenthood. Galton coined the word "eugenics" to denote scientific endeavors to increase the proportion of persons with better than average genetic endowment through selective mating of marriage partners. In his book "Hereditary Genius" (1869), Galton used the word "genius" to denote "an ability that was exceptionally high and at the same time inborn." The idea that mental capacities might be inherited was a novel proposition at the time. Born in 1822, Galton was knighted in 1909 and died in 1911. A eugenics chair was established at the University of London under the terms of his will.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Galton, Sir Francis — born Feb. 16, 1822, near Sparkbrook, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died Jan. 17, 1911, Grayshott House, Haslemere, Surrey British explorer, anthropologist, and eugenicist. Galton, a cousin of Charles Darwin, studied medicine at Cambridge… …   Universalium

  • Galton, sir Francis — ► (1822 1911) Antropólogo británico. Es conocido como fundador de la eugenesia. Obras: Genio hereditario y Ensayos sobre eugenesia, entre otras. * * * (16 feb. 1822, cerca de Sparkbrook, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Inglaterra–17 ene. 1911,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Galton , Sir Francis — (1822–1911) British anthropologist and explorer Even though Galton s exceptional intelligence was apparent at an early age, his higher education was unremarkable. Born in the English Midlands city of Birmingham, he studied mathematics at… …   Scientists

  • Galton, Sir Francis —    F.R.S., D.C.L.    b. (1822)    Traveller and anthropologist. Tropical South Africa (1853), Hereditary Genius (1869), English Men of Science, their Nature and Nurture (1874), Human Faculty (1883), Natural Inheritance (1889), Finger Prints… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Sir Francis Galton — noun English scientist (cousin of Charles Darwin) who explored many fields including heredity, meteorology, statistics, psychology, and anthropology; founder of eugenics and first to use fingerprints for identification (1822 1911) • Syn: ↑Galton …   Useful english dictionary

  • Galton — Galton, sir Francis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francis Galton — Sir Francis Galton (* 16. Februar 1822 in Sparkbrook, Birmingham; † 17. Januar 1911 in Haslemere, Surrey) war ein britischer Naturforscher und Schriftsteller. Er wurde 1909 zum Ritter geschlagen und war – wie auch sein Cousin Charles Darw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GALTON (F.) — GALTON sir FRANCIS (1822 1911) Gentilhomme anglais, voyageur et explorateur (Narrative of an Explorer in Tropical South Africa , 1853), savant qui s’intéressa de façon brillante aux disciplines les plus diverses, sir Francis Galton a surtout… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Francis — Francis. Asteroide nº. 2050 de la serie (1974 KA), descubierto el 28 de mayo de 1974 por Eleanor Francis Helin desde Monte Palomar. La descubridora lo nombró en honor de sus padres Fred y Kay Francis. Lista de asteroides * * * Francis, turbina *… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francis — /fran sis/, n. a male given name: from an Old French word meaning Frenchman. * * * (as used in expressions) Abbott George Francis Adams Charles Francis Bacon Francis Viscount St. Albans Bacon Francis Bayard Thomas Francis Beaumont Francis Bebey… …   Universalium

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