Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
: A technique in which the male and female germ cells required to begin formation of a human embryo are injected into a woman's fallopian tubes of the female for fertilization. This technique is one of the methods doctors use to overcome infertility, the inability of couples to produce offspring on their own. Gametes (germ cells) in males are the spermatozoa, or sperm, and those in females are ova, or eggs. After a sperm fertilizes an egg in the fallopian tubes, the egg implants itself in the uterus (womb), a hollow organ that lodges and nourishes the embryo during its development. The term "intrafallopian" means "inside the fallopian tubes." ("Intra," a Latin word, means "within" or "inside.") Thus, in the GIFT technique, fertilization takes place inside the body of the female. By contrast, in the technique of in vitro fertilization (IVF), eggs are fertilized outside the body. "Gamete" is derived from the Greek word "gamete" (wife) and "gamein" (to marry).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Gamete intrafallopian transfer — (GIFT) is a tool of assisted reproductive technology against infertility. Eggs are removed from a woman s ovaries, and placed in one of the Fallopian tubes, along with the man s sperm. The technique, which was pioneered by endocrinologist Ricardo …   Wikipedia

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — gamete in·tra·fal·lo·pi·an transfer .in trə fə lō pē ən n a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility in which eggs are obtained from an ovary, mixed with sperm, and inserted into a fallopian tube by a laparoscope abbr. GIFT called …   Medical dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — noun Date: 1984 a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility that involves obtaining eggs from an ovary, mixing them with sperm, and inserting them into a fallopian tube by a laparoscope abbreviation GIFT; called also gamete… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — ¦in.trəfə¦lōpēən , ¦in.(ˌ)trä noun also gamete intrafallopian tube transfer : a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility in which eggs are obtained from an ovary, mixed with sperm, and inserted into a fallopian tube by a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — GIFT a procedure for assisting conception, suitable only for women with healthy Fallopian tubes. In over 50% of women in whom infertility is diagnosed, the tubes are normal but some other factor, such as endometriosis, prevents conception. Using… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — noun → GIFT …   Australian English dictionary

  • Zygote intrafallopian transfer — (ZIFT) is an infertility treatment where a blockage in the fallopian tubes prevents the normal binding of sperm to the egg. Egg cells are removed from a woman s ovaries, and in vitro fertilised. The resulting zygote is placed into the fallopian… …   Wikipedia

  • GIFT — Gamete intrafallopian transfer (Transferencia intratubárica de gametos) …   Diccionario de siglas médicas y otras abreviaturas

  • GIFT — • gamete intrafallopian transfer; • granulocyte immunofluorescence test …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations

  • GIFT — A technique in which the male and female cells required to begin reproduction are injected into the fallopian tubes of the female for fertilization. This technique is one of the methods doctors use to overcome infertility, the inability of… …   Medical dictionary

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