Ganglia, basal
A region located at the base of the brain composed of 4 clusters of neurons, or nerve cells. This area of the brain is responsible for body movement and coordination. The groups of neurons most prominently and consistently affected in Huntington disease — the pallidum and striatum — are located in the basal ganglia. (The pallidum is composed of structures called the globus pallidus and the ventral pallidum while the striatum consists of the caudate nucleus, putamen, and ventral striatum.) The term "basal ganglia" refers to the location of these collections of neurons (ganglia) deep within the brain, seemingly at its very base.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • basal ganglia — plural noun In vertebrates, ganglia connecting the cerebrum with other nerve centres • • • Main Entry: ↑base …   Useful english dictionary

  • Basal — is a term with several scientific meanings:*A basal clade is one which forms an outgroup to a larger clade. As such the term is relative. *Basal (medicine) refers to a type of insulin dosing. *The basal ganglia are a region of the brain. *The… …   Wikipedia

  • Basal ganglia — Infobox Brain Name = Basal ganglia Latin = nuclei basales GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Basal ganglia labeled at top right. Caption2 = IsPartOf = Components = Artery = Vein = BrainInfoType = hier BrainInfoNumber = 206 MeshName =… …   Wikipedia

  • Basal nuclei — A region located at the base of the brain composed of 4 clusters of neurons, or nerve cells. This area of the brain is responsible for body movement and coordination. The groups of neurons most prominently and consistently affected in Huntington… …   Medical dictionary

  • basal ganglia — Three large subcortical nuclei of the vertebrate brain: the putamen, the caudate nucleus and the globus pallidus. They participate in the control of movement along with the cerebellum, the corticospinal system and other descending motor systems.… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • basal ganglia — several large masses of grey matter embedded deep within the white matter of the cerebrum. They include the caudate and lenticular nuclei (together known as the corpus striatum) and the amygdaloid nucleus. The lenticular nucleus consists of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • basal ganglia — several large masses of grey matter embedded deep within the white matter of the cerebrum . They include the caudate and lenticular nuclei (together known as the corpus striatum) and the amygdaloid nucleus. The lenticular nucleus consists of the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • basal ganglia — plural noun Anatomy a group of structures linked to the thalamus in the base of the brain and involved in coordination of movement …   English new terms dictionary

  • Primate basal ganglia system — The primate basal ganglia system is a symmetrical major cerebral system that has only recently been recognized. In the past, part of it was presented as motor or extrapyramidal , complementary to the corticospinal (pyramidal) system. Contrary to… …   Wikipedia

  • Prefrontal Cortex Basal Ganglia Working Memory — (PBWM) is an algorithm which models the working memory in the prefrontal cortex and the basal ganglia.[1] It can be compared to Long short term memory (LSTM) in functionality but is more biologically explainable.[1] It uses the Primary Value… …   Wikipedia

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