Gastroenteritis
Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines. Can cause nausea and vomiting and/or diarrhea. Gastroenteritis has numerous causes
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Inflammation of the mucous membrane of both stomach and intestine. SYN: enterogastritis. [gastro- + G. enteron, intestine, + -itis, inflammation]
- acute infectious nonbacterial g. SYN: epidemic nonbacterial g..
- endemic nonbacterial infantile g. an endemic viral g. of young children (6 mos–12 yrs) that is especially widespread during winter, caused by strains of rotavirus (family Reoviridae); the incubation period is 2–4 days, with symptoms lasting 3–5 days, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and vomiting. SYN: infantile g..
- eosinophilic g. g. with abdominal pain, malabsorption, often obstructive symptoms, associated with peripheral eosinophilia and areas of eosinophilic infiltration of the stomach, small intestine and/or colon with eosinophiles. May be an allergic etiology and responds to elimination diet in some patients; corticosteroid therapy is also effective. SYN: eosinophilic gastritis.
- epidemic nonbacterial g. an epidemic, highly communicable but rather mild disease of sudden onset, caused by the epidemic g. virus (especially Norwalk agent), with an incubation period of 16–48 hours and a duration of 1–2 days, which affects all age groups; infection is associated with some fever, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache, one or another of which may be predominant. SYN: acute infectious nonbacterial g..
- infantile g. SYN: endemic nonbacterial infantile g..
- viral g. endemic nonbacterial infantile g., epidemic nonbacterial g..

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gas·tro·en·ter·i·tis -.ent-ə-'rīt-əs n, pl -en·ter·it·i·des -'rit-ə-.dēz inflammation of the lining membrane of the stomach and the intestines

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n.
inflammation of the stomach and intestine. It is usually due to acute infection by viruses or bacteria or to food-poisoning toxins and causes vomiting and diarrhoea. The illness usually lasts 3-5 days. Fluid loss is sometimes severe, especially in infants, and intravenous fluid replacement may be necessary.

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gas·tro·en·ter·i·tis (gas″tro-en″tər-iґtis) [gastro- + enteritis] inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines, characterized by anorexia, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and weakness. Causes include food poisoning (see bacterial g.); viral infections (see viral g.); consumption of irritating food or drink; and sometimes psychological factors such as anger, stress, or fear. Called also enterogastritis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gastroenteritis — Classification and external resources Gastroenteritis viruses: A = rotavirus, B = adenovirus, C = Norovirus and D = Astrovirus. The virus particles are shown at the same magnification to allow size comparison. ICD …   Wikipedia

  • Gastroenteritis — Clasificación y recursos externos CIE 10 A09, J10.8, K52 …   Wikipedia Español

  • gastroenteritis — f. gastrol. Inflamación de la mucosa gástrica e intestinal de carácter generalmente agudo que se manifiesta con dolor de estómago, náuseas, vómitos, retortijones y diarrea de intensidades variables, que si son abundantes, pueden provocar… …   Diccionario médico

  • gastroenteritis — (plural gastroenteritis) sustantivo femenino 1. Área: medicina Inflamación de la mucosa del estómago y de los intestinos: Pedro no ha ido hoy a trabajar; está en casa con una gastroenteritis …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Gastroenteritis — Gas tro*en te*ri tis, n. [NL. See {Gastroenrteric}, and { itis}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the lining membrane of the stomach and the intestines. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gastroenterītis — (griech.), Magendarmkatarrh …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gastroenteritis — Gastroenterītis (grch.), Magen Dünndarmentzündung, Magen Darmkatarrh …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • gastroenteritis — 1820s, from GASTRO (Cf. gastro ) + ENTERITIS (Cf. enteritis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gastroenteritis — gastroenterìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala sluznice želuca i tankog crijeva kao posljedica infekcije ili trovanja hranom ETIMOLOGIJA gastro + v. enteritis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • gastroenteritis — (De gastro y enteritis). f. Med. Inflamación simultánea de la membrana mucosa del estómago y de la de los intestinos …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • gastroenteritis — [gas΄trō en΄tər īt′is] n. [ModL < GASTRO + ENTER(O) + ITIS] inflammation of the stomach and the intestines …   English World dictionary

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