Gene expression
A highly specific process in which a gene is switched on at a certain time and "speaks out." A gene communicates by expressing its code. When the gene is expressed, the information encoded in the gene is transcribed into RNA and sometimes translated from RNA into protein. Expressed genes specifically include: {{}}Genes that are transcribed into messenger RNA (mRNA) and then translated into protein as well as Genes that are transcribed into RNA — such as transfer RNA (tRNA) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) — but not translated into protein. Interest in gene expression has been both biologic and commercial. (Patents have been granted on human gene expression. For example, a firm called Gene Logic received a US patent covering a method of gene expression analysis.)

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1. the flow of genetic information from gene to protein. 2. the process, or the regulation of the process, by which the effects of a gene are manifested. 3. the manifestation of a heritable trait in an individual carrying the gene or genes that determine it.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gene expression — gene expression. См. экспрессия гена. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Gene expression — For vocabulary, see Glossary of gene expression terms. For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. Genes are expressed by being transcribed into RNA, and this transcript may then be translated into protein. Gene… …   Wikipedia

  • gene expression — The full use of the information in a gene via transcription and translation leading to production of a protein and hence the appearance of the phenotype determined by that gene. Gene expression is assumed to be controlled at various points in the …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • gene expression — The process by which a gene gets turned on in a cell to make RNA and proteins. Gene expression may be measured by looking at the RNA, or the protein made from the RNA, or what the protein does in a cell …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • gene expression — geno raiška statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Genetinės informacijos, esančios DNR, realizacija. atitikmenys: angl. gene expression rus. выражение гена; экспрессия гена ryšiai: sinonimas – geno ekspresija …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • gene expression — noun The transcription and translation of a gene into messenger RNA and thus into a protein …   Wiktionary

  • gene expression — The process by which a gene produces mRNA and protein, and hence exerts its effect on the phenotype of an organism …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • gene expression — noun conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into messenger RNA and then to a protein • Hypernyms: ↑organic phenomenon …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gene expression programming — (GEP) is an evolutionary algorithm that evolves populations of computer programs in order to solve a user defined problem. GEP has similarities, but is distinct to, the evolutionary computational method of Genetic Programming. In Genetic… …   Wikipedia

  • Gene expression profiling — Heat maps of gene expression values show how experimental conditions influenced production (expression) of mRNA for a set of genes. Green indicates reduced expression. Cluster analysis has placed a group of down regulated genes in the upper left… …   Wikipedia

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