neurolinguistics
The branch of medical science concerned with the neuroanatomic basis of speech and its disorders.

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neu·ro·lin·guis·tics -liŋ-'gwis-tiks n pl but sing in constr the study of the relationships between the human nervous system and language esp. with respect to the correspondence between disorders of language and the nervous system
neu·ro·lin·guis·tic -tik adj

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neu·ro·lin·guis·tics (noor″o-ling-gwisґtiks) the study of language acquisition, processing, and production at the neurological level.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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