neurolysis
1. Destruction of nerve tissue. 2. Freeing of a nerve from inflammatory adhesions. [neuro- + G. lysis, dissolution]

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neu·rol·y·sis n(y)u̇-'räl-ə-səs n, pl -y·ses -.sēz
1 a) the breaking down of nervous tissue (as from disease or injury)
b) destruction of nervous tissue (as by the use of chemicals or radio frequencies) to temporarily or permanently block nerve pathways esp. to relieve pain or spasticity <phenolic \neurolysis of the celiac plexus to treat intractable pancreatic cancer pain>
2) the surgical operation of freeing a nerve from perineural adhesions

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neu·rol·y·sis (n-rolґĭ-sis) [neuro- + lysis] 1. release of a nerve sheath by cutting it longitudinally. 2. the operative breaking up of perineural adhesions. 3. the relief of tension upon a nerve obtained by stretching. 4. destruction or dissolution of nerve tissue; sometimes done as a temporary or permanent measure for the relief of pain or spasticity. See also rhizotomy. Called also nerve block.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • neurolysis — [noo räl′ə sis, nyoorual′ə sis] n. [ModL: see NEURO & LYSIS] 1. destruction or exhaustion of nerve tissue 2. the freeing of a nerve from adhesions neurolytic [noor΄ə lit′ik, nyoor΄ə lit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • neurolysis — neurolytic /noor euh lit ik, nyoor /, adj. /noo rol euh sis, nyoo /, n. 1. Pathol. a. disintegration of nerve tissue. b. exhaustion of a nerve by excess stimulation. 2. Surg. separation of adhesions from a nerve fiber. [NEURO + LYSIS] * * * …   Universalium

  • neurolysis — noun Destruction of nerve tissue …   Wiktionary

  • neurolysis — n. dissolution or destruction of nerves; exhaustion of nerves from over stimulation …   English contemporary dictionary

  • neurolysis — neu·rol·y·sis …   English syllables

  • neurolysis — /njuˈrɒləsəs/ (say nyooh roluhsuhs) noun 1. Medicine the release of abnormal tension on a nerve by stretching it or cutting it, as in treating a nerve caught in an adhesion. 2. the destruction or dissolution of nerve tissue. {neuro + lysis}… …   Australian English dictionary

  • neurolysis —   n. disintegration of nerve substance; surgical liberation of nerve …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • neurolysis —  ̷ ̷ˈräləsə̇s noun Etymology: New Latin, from neur + lysis 1. : the breaking down of nerve substance (as from disease or exhaustion) 2. : the operation of freeing a nerve from adhesions * * * neurolytic …   Useful english dictionary

  • chemical neurolysis — neurolysis (def. 4) by injection of a neurolytic chemical such as glycerol, phenol, or alcohol adjacent to a nerve; see also chemical rhizotomy …   Medical dictionary

  • alcohol neurolysis — intrathecal neurolysis in which dehydrated alcohol is injected at the point where the dorsal root emerges from the spinal cord …   Medical dictionary

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