Genome, chromosomal
All of the genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism. For humans, that is all of the DNA contained in our normal complement of 46 rod-like chromosomes in virtually every cell in the body. (Mature red blood cells, for one exception, have no nucleus and therefore no chromosomes). The chromosomal genome is synonymous with the nuclear genome. Together with the mitochondrial genome, it constitutes the genome of the human being.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genome, mitochondrial — All of the genetic information contained in the chromosome of the mitochondrion, a structure located in the cytoplasm outside the nucleus of the cell. The nucleus houses the better known chromosomal genome, our complement of chromosomes. The… …   Medical dictionary

  • Genome — For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. For other uses, see Genome (disambiguation). Part of a series on Genetics Key components Chromosome DNA • …   Wikipedia

  • Genome — All of the genetic information, the entire genetic complement, all of the hereditary material possessed by an organism. Humans and many other higher animals actually have two genomes, which together make up the total genome: {{}}A chromosomal… …   Medical dictionary

  • Genome, human — All of the genetic information, the entire genetic complement, all of the DNA in a person. Humanity’s DNA has been called the treasury of human inheritance. The human genome is made up of all of the DNA in our chromosomes as well as that in… …   Medical dictionary

  • Chromosomal fragile site — Silencing of the FMR1 gene in Fragile X syndrome. FMR1 co localizes with a rare fragile site, visible here as a gap on the long arms of the X chromosome. A chromosomal fragile site is a specific heritable point on a chromosome that tends to form… …   Wikipedia

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  • Y-chromosomal Adam — Y chromosome in descendants of one human male In human genetics, Y chromosomal Adam ( Y MRCA) is the theoretical most recent common ancestor (MRCA) from whom all living people are descended patrilineally (tracing back along the paternal lines of… …   Wikipedia

  • Human genome — The human genome is the genome of Homo sapiens , which is stored on 23 chromosome pairs. Twenty two of these are autosomal chromosome pairs, while the remaining pair is sex determining. The haploid human genome occupies a total of just over 3… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitochondrial genome — All of the genetic information contained in the chromosome of the mitochondrion, a structure located in the cytoplasm outside the nucleus of the cell. The nucleus houses the better known chromosomal genome, our complement of chromosomes. The… …   Medical dictionary

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