Gluten
A protein found in wheat or related grains and many foods that we eat. Gluten can be found in a large variety of foods including soups, salad dressings, processed foods and natural flavorings. Unidentified starch, binders and fillers in medications or vitamins can be unsuspected sources of gluten.
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The insoluble protein (prolamines) constituent of wheat and other grains; a mixture of gliadin, glutenin, prolamins, and other proteins; the presence of g. allows flour to rise. SYN: wheat gum. [L. g., glue]
- g. casein a protein resembling casein, present in g..

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glu·ten 'glüt-ən n a gluey protein substance esp. of wheat flour that causes dough to be sticky
glu·ten·ous 'glüt-nəs, -ən-əs adj

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n.
a mixture of the two proteins gliadin and glutenin. Gluten is present in wheat and rye and is important for its baking properties: when mixed with water it becomes sticky and enables air to be trapped and dough to be formed. Sensitivity to gluten leads to coeliac disease in children.

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glu·ten (glooґtən) [L. “glue”] the protein of wheat and other grains that gives to the dough its tough elastic character.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gluten — is a composite of the proteins gliadin and glutenin . These exist, conjoined with starch, in the endosperms of some grass related grains, notably wheat, rye, and barley. Gliadin and glutenin comprise about 80% of the protein contained in wheat… …   Wikipedia

  • gluten — [ glytɛn ] n. m. • 1515; mot lat. « glu, colle » ♦ Matière protidique localisée à la périphérie des graines de graminées, qui subsiste après élimination de l amidon des farines de céréales. Le gluten rend la farine panifiable. Intolérance au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gluten — (von lat. gluten = „Leim“; ausgesprochen [ˈɡluːtɛn], heute meist [ɡluˈteːn] in Analogie zu zahlreichen Bezeichnungen chemischer Substanzen liegt die Betonung auf en ; Synonyme: Kleber, Klebereiweiß) ist ein Sammelbegriff für ein Stoffgemisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gluten — GLUTÉN s.n. Substanţă proteică densă, vâscoasă, moale şi elastică, prezentă în boabele şi în făina cerealelor. – Din fr., lat. gluten. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  glutén s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • Gluten — Glu ten, n. [L., glue: cf. F. gluten. See {Glue}.] (Chem.) The viscid, tenacious substance which gives adhesiveness to dough. [1913 Webster] Note: Gluten is a complex and variable mixture of glutin or gliadin, vegetable fibrin, vegetable casein,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gluten — m. bioquím. Conjunto de proteínas presentes en la harina de trigo, cebada, centeno y avena y cuya intolerancia provoca la enfermedad celíaca. Medical Dictionary. 2011. gluten …   Diccionario médico

  • gluten — 1630s, any sticky substance, from M.Fr. gluten (16c.) or directly from L. gluten glue (see GLUE (Cf. glue)). Used 16c. 19c. for the part of animal tissue now called FIBRIN (Cf. fibrin); used since 1803 of the nitrogenous part of the flour of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • gluten — glùtēn m <G gluténa> DEFINICIJA biol. 1. ljepljiva tekućina u životinjskim tijelima 2. smjesa bjelančevina sadržana u pšeničnom brašnu ETIMOLOGIJA lat. gluten: ljepilo …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • gluten — sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Sustancia parda y pegajosa, de gran valor nutritivo, que se encuentra en las semillas de las gramíneas y se obtiene mezclando agua con harina y separando los glúcidos: El gluten es una sustancia de reserva… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • gluten — (Del lat. gluten, cola). 1. m. Sustancia pegajosa que puede servir para unir una cosa a otra. 2. Bot. Proteína de reserva nutritiva que se encuentra en las semillas de las gramíneas junto con el almidón …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • gluten — [glo͞ot′ n] n. [L gluten, glue, akin to LL glus, GLUE] a gray, sticky, nutritious mixture of proteins, including gliadin, found in wheat and other grain: it gives dough its tough, elastic quality glutenous adj …   English World dictionary

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