organism
Any living individual, whether plant or animal, considered as a whole.
- calculated mean o. (CMO) a hypothetical o. whose characters are the means of both the positive and negative characters of the organisms which belong to the same taxon as the CMO, as opposed to the hypothetical mean. o..
- defective o. SYN: auxotrophic mutant.
- fastidious o. a bacterial o. having complex nutritional requirements.
- hypothetical mean o. (HMO) a hypothetical o. whose characters are the means of the positive characters of the organisms which belong to the same taxon as the HMO, as opposed to the calculated mean o..
- pleuropneumonia-like organisms (PPLO) the original name given to a group of bacteria that did not possess cell walls; these organisms, isolated from humans and other animals, soil, and sewage, are now assigned to the order Mycoplasmatales.

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or·gan·ism 'ȯr-gə-.niz-əm n an individual constituted to carry on the activities of life by means of organs separate in function but mutually dependent: a living being
or·gan·is·mic .ȯr-gə-'niz-mik also or·gan·is·mal -məl adj
or·gan·is·mi·cal·ly -mi-k(ə-)lē adv

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n.
any living thing, which may consist of a single cell (see microorganism) or a group of differentiated but interdependent cells.

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or·gan·ism (orґgə-niz″əm) any individual living thing, whether animal or plant.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • organism — ORGANÍSM, organisme, s.n. 1. Totalitatea organelor şi a părţilor indisolubil legate între ele ale unei fiinţe vii; corp, fiinţă. 2. fig. Ceea ce apare ca un lot închegat; ceea ce funcţionează în mod organizat. ♦ Organizaţie (1). – Din lat.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Organism — Or gan*ism, n. [Cf. F. organisme.] 1. Organic structure; organization. The advantageous organism of the eye. Grew. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) An organized being; a living body, either vegetable or animal, composed of different organs or parts with …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • organism — organism. См. организм. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • organism — index entity, individual Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • organism — (n.) 1660s, organic structure, organization, from ORGANIZE (Cf. organize) + ISM (Cf. ism). Sense of living animal or plant first recorded 1842. Related: Organismic …   Etymology dictionary

  • organism — *system, scheme, network, complex, economy …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • organism — [n] living thing animal, being, body, creature, entity, morphon, person, plant, structure; concepts 389,429 Ant. concept, inanimate …   New thesaurus

  • organism — ► NOUN 1) an individual animal, plant, or single celled life form. 2) a whole with interdependent parts …   English terms dictionary

  • organism — [ôr′gə niz΄əm] n. 1. any individual animal, plant, bacterium, etc. having various parts or systems that function together as a whole to maintain life and its activities 2. anything resembling a living thing in its complexity of structure or… …   English World dictionary

  • Organism — life on Earth redirects here. For the BBC series, see Life on Earth (TV series). Life on Earth Temporal range: Archaean or earlier – Recent These Escherichia coli cells provide an example of a prokaryotic microorganism …   Wikipedia

  • organism —    by John Protevi   An organism in the way that Deleuze and Guattari intend it is a centralised, hierarchised, self directed body. It is akin to the judgement of God (He who provides the model of such self sufficiency); it is also a molarised… …   The Deleuze dictionary

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